Logical Reasoning - Statement and Argument - Discussion

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

19. 

Statement: Should the railways in India be privatized in a phased manner like other public sector enterprises?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. This is the only way to bring in competitiveness and provide better services to the public.
  2. No. This will pose a threat to the national security of our country as multinationals will enter into the fray.

[A]. Only argument I is strong
[B]. Only argument II is strong
[C]. Either I or II is strong
[D]. Neither I nor II is strong
[E]. Both I and II are strong

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Privatization would no doubt lead to better services. But saying that this is the 'only way' is wrong. So, argument I does not hold. Argument II also seems to be vague.

Ishan said: (Apr 17, 2016)  
Is there any other way, you can bring in competitiveness and provide better services to public except privatisation (which also includes FDI)?

Pranav said: (Jun 7, 2016)  
I don't know why an argument B is weak? Can anyone explain it?

Pulkit said: (Sep 16, 2016)  
I also thought that Argument II is strong. But it is weak because it states the MNs "will" enter. It doesn't state that MNs can or may enter. It gives a clear impression of certainty which is vague.

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