Logical Reasoning - Statement and Argument - Discussion

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

41. 

Statement: Should religion be banned?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. It develops fanaticism in people.
  2. No, Religion binds people together.

[A]. Only argument I is strong
[B]. Only argument II is strong
[C]. Either I or II is strong
[D]. Neither I nor II is strong
[E]. Both I and II are strong

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Religion binds people together through the name of God and human values. But at the same time it may create differences and ill-will among people. So, either of the arguments holds strong.

David said: (Sep 11, 2013)  
If either 1 or 2 is strong, then why is E, that they are both strong, wrong?

Nishanth said: (Jun 7, 2015)  
I agree with him. Send me the solution.

Brad said: (Dec 3, 2016)  
It seems to me that "Either I or II is strong" implies that the two assumptions must be mutually exclusive, which is to say that if you hold one to be strong, you must hold the other to be weak.

If I am correct, then it is logically equivalent to the 2-part statement, "Either A is strong and B is weak, or A is weak and B is strong. " In the case of this question, as it is worded, I don't think the two assumptions are mutually exclusive. For that to be the case requires an additional hidden assumption: "Fanaticism is the product of people segregating into tightly-bound groups" or something along those lines. Put another way, it seems that the question writer holds the cause of fanaticism to be self-evident.

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