Logical Reasoning - Essential Part

Exercise :: Essential Part - Type 1

Each question has an underlined word followed by four answer choices. You will choose the word that is a necessary part of the underlined word.
6. 

pain

A. cut
B. burn
C. nuisance
D. hurt

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Pain is suffering or hurt, so choice d is the essential element. Without hurt, there is no pain. A cut (choice a) or a burn (choice b) may cause pain, but so do many other types of injury. A nuisance (choice c) is an annoyance that may or may not cause pain.

7. 

gala

A. celebration
B. tuxedo
C. appetizer
D. orator

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

A gala indicates a celebration, the necessary element here. A tuxedo (choice b) is not required garb at a gala, nor is an appetizer (choice c). A gala may be held without the benefit of anyone speaking (choice d).

8. 

monopoly

A. corrupt
B. exclusive
C. rich
D. gigantic

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The essential part of a monopoly is that it involves exclusive ownership or control.

9. 

guitar

A. band
B. teacher
C. songs
D. strings

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

A guitar does not exist without strings, so strings are an essential part of a guitar. A band is not necessary to a guitar (choice a). Guitar playing can be learned without a teacher (choice b). Songs are byproducts of a guitar (choice c).

10. 

election

A. president
B. voter
C. November
D. nation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

An election does not exist without voters. The election of a president (choice a) is a byproduct. Not all elections are held in November (choice c), nor are they nationwide (choice d).