Logical Reasoning - Essential Part

Exercise : Essential Part - Type 1
Directions to Solve
Each question has an underlined word followed by four answer choices. You will choose the word that is a necessary part of the underlined word.

6.
pain
cut
burn
nuisance
hurt
Answer: Option
Explanation:
Pain is suffering or hurt, so choice d is the essential element. Without hurt, there is no pain. A cut (choice a) or a burn (choice b) may cause pain, but so do many other types of injury. A nuisance (choice c) is an annoyance that may or may not cause pain.

7.
gala
celebration
tuxedo
appetizer
orator
Answer: Option
Explanation:
A gala indicates a celebration, the necessary element here. A tuxedo (choice b) is not required garb at a gala, nor is an appetizer (choice c). A gala may be held without the benefit of anyone speaking (choice d).

8.
monopoly
corrupt
exclusive
rich
gigantic
Answer: Option
Explanation:
The essential part of a monopoly is that it involves exclusive ownership or control.

9.
guitar
band
teacher
songs
strings
Answer: Option
Explanation:
A guitar does not exist without strings, so strings are an essential part of a guitar. A band is not necessary to a guitar (choice a). Guitar playing can be learned without a teacher (choice b). Songs are byproducts of a guitar (choice c).

10.
election
president
voter
November
nation
Answer: Option
Explanation:
An election does not exist without voters. The election of a president (choice a) is a byproduct. Not all elections are held in November (choice c), nor are they nationwide (choice d).