Is Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in retail sector good for India?

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Rutuja Sonawane said: (Jun 23, 2022)  
Definitely, FDI will increase dollar cash flow, development of the human resources, and employment opportunities for India but as a developing country, too much dependence on FDI is bad for India. Our Indian economy's major part is based on small-scale businesses and with this, 40% contributing sector of our economy will suffer a lot because of FDI. With the cash flow, FDI will also lead to Inflation over a period of time. In my opinion, Foreign direct investment is not as beneficial for India as developed countries. FDI can have more negative impacts on India's economy, human resources, natural resources, and politics.

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Pranjit said: (Oct 13, 2021)  
India is the one of the largest economy in the world. Through out FDI has more impact on the retail sector due to monopoly.

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Sohan said: (Mar 13, 2021)  
Hello everyone.

Myself Sohan Kumar. Our group disscusion topic is FDI.

In my opinion, yes it very benefits for a country like India where the majority of the people has come under the middle class and poor classes. FDI help in bringing the price of object low and it also helps in an increasing job opportunity for the people. It will increase the competition so that we can get things in a low amount. It also helps in increasing the economy of the country.

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A.R.Prusty said: (Dec 18, 2020)  
Hello everyone.

I am Akash.

I believe large scale FDI invasion is bad for India. India's market is one of the top 5 markets in the world, in terms of consumers and retailing opportunities. There are a plethora of negative impacts of letting FDI to the Indian retail sector, but I would like to mention only three of them:-.

1) India local manufactures and businesses won't be able to compete with these sophisticated MNCs. Ultimately it will lead to the monopoly of these MNCs over the retail sector.

2) FDIs are foreign investments and by giving them liberty over our retail sector, we are increasing GDP of some other countries, not ours. It drains away from our economy.

3) The unorganised retail sector like kirana shops, pan shops, etc gives job opportunities to a lot of semi-skilled and unskilled people. While they might lose their jobs if FDI comes in the retail sector.

So, I conclude complete liberty over the retail sector is not good for India. The government must regulate FDIs. I appreciate Government step to be " VOCAL FOR LOCAL " to make India self-reliant or "atmanirbhar". Let the local manufactures and MSMEs uplift their business and take India to new high.

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Vishal Kadian said: (Nov 17, 2020)  
Every coin has 2 sides. So if we talk from the customer's point of view, FDI in the retail sector will be beneficial as we will have varieties of products with good quality.

And Talking from local seller's point of view, FDI will be a hindrance to our business as there will be stiff competition from foreign companies which can lead to falling in revenue for our business.

And lastly, talking about the impact on job opportunities in India due to FDI, so at present India is doing pretty well in terms of maintaining relations with foreign countries, then be it importing electronic goods from China, importing crude oil from Saudi Arabia etc but the unemployment rate in India still remains unaffected at 5.7 and now it has been found that in 2018 it will increase to 5.80.

So, According to me, FDI in the retail sector should be prepared less, as it will hamper one of the initiatives taken by Prime Minister "Make In India". In the case of FDI, mostly foreign companies will prefer to employ their own people and make products in their countries and selling it to Indians earning huge amounts of profit.

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APURVA said: (Jul 21, 2019)  
Yes it is essentially required for a developing country like INDIA. To start with, I want to comprehend the fact that we grow as a person by learning new things but in a disciplined manner. In the process of learning new things, we should not deviate from the primary objective of our life. A similar rule can be applied for the introduction of FDI (foreign direct investment).

Foreign direct investment can be made through single retail or multi retail stores. The government has allowed 100% ownership stake for single brand retail foreign direct investment and upto 51% ownership stake for multi brand retailers. And in addition to that, a minimum Rs 500 crores investment is required for investing in foreign nationals on multi-brand retail outlets.

It creates employment opportunities for many and is advantageous for the growth of logistics sectar as well. Apart from this, our farmers can also benefit from the advent of FDI in India as it creates greater transparency and they can get direct payment from those foreign players. It creates efficiency in the organised as well as unorganised sectar of the country. It prevents wastage of supply of perishable food items as they invest heavily in the construction of warehouses and cold storage facilities. It creates a strong infrastructural base for the country due to heavy capital inflow.

Disadvantages are very few though if we consider careful examination of the relevant facts and information. It definitely shifts a major chunk of our revenues to foreign investors. Plays a part in reducing entrepreneurial activities. Loss of livelihood of small retail owners. And last but not the least it is still hard to forget about the harm caused by east India company when they entered INDIA for exploring trade opportunities in the country and ended up changing the fate of the entire country, But exploring international opportunities isn't a bad idea when we want to grow as a country and improve the standard of living of its citizens.

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CHANDAN KUMAR YADAV said: (Apr 4, 2019)  
Yes, I think FDI is good because as we know that Indian economy growing so fast it's the horizon of new sunrise nowadays but still we are in fiscal deficit FDI is the medium to fulfil this deficit. The retail sector is on fire E-commerce company increases so fast it needs an investment of money And FDI is a good option. Of course, FDI creates unemployment in our country so 100% FDI is not permissible at all. Small industries totally destroy by this big company which leads to monopoly in the field of retail business even though the competetion between the native company and foreign companies are very high this leads to a production of great quality product and goods it's the best way to improve the quality of goods and services because a healthy retail sector is alive only if the opposition has a great deal of benchmarking. Thanks.

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Shikha said: (Feb 1, 2019)  
Hello everyone,

In my opinion, FDI should be increased in retail sectors in India as it will surely lead to the development of some new distribution channels which will, in turn, will benefit the customers only.

Secondly, due to the demonetization effect as well as GST introduction our economy is facing a huge problem in retail sectors as many people have even shut down the shops FDI will work as a motivation for them.

And hence better condition than now.

Also more the FDI more will be innovation in the retail sector which will cut down the unnecessary cost in distribution so no unnecessary addition to the cost of the product.

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Rajdeep Roy said: (Jan 29, 2019)  
FDI in sectors such as an automobile, education, manufacturing is greatly beneficial for India because it leads to investment not only in terms of money but also in terms of technology. Take for e. G. The partnership between Maruti and Suzuki, Hero and Honda, Mahindra and Renault. All this has led to the creation of powerful brands that produce vehicles of high standards and efficient manufacturing systems from Japan and other European countries. Maruti Suzuki is the largest car seller, while Hero and Mahindra have established themselves as strong Indian brands. Similarly, the investment and signing of MOUs have led to the establishment of institutes like IITs and IIMs which are world-class colleges producing world-class engineers and managers. Similarly, investment of technology or money in manufacturing industry strengthens them and enables them to compete with the foreign market.

However, allowing FDI in retail will be a huge mistake because retail industries or commerce shops are too simple to operate and doesn't need huge technological or economic investment. This is the reason why we can see so many Indian shops and malls operating in various places of India. Also the Indian IT industry is strong enough to help management of shops or malls easier by state of art software and computer systems. By allowing FDI in retail we increase unemployability of people because small shop owners will find it tough to compete with large retail giants and will lead to the closure and firing of employees. Also the companies investing here for retail are most likely to send the profit to their home countries. There is a benefit for farmers if the retail industries can give farmers a better price for the produce but even this is less likely and might lead to exploitation of farmers.

Therefore we can conclude that FDI in industries requiring technical know-how is a good option but FDI in sectors such as retail has huge drawbacks and should be implemented with due caution.

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Khemraj said: (Nov 25, 2018)  
FDI is always welcomed in a Capital deficient Country like India but as far as FDI in retail sector is concerned, there is a lot discussion for and against the motion. Let's have a little look about that;

Arguments by those who favours it -.

1. Allowing FDI in retail sector will create millions of employment as some Giant MNCs like Walmart and Tesco will come and open their Malls and they will need man-force to operate it.

2. Customers will be able to find almost all their required items under one ceiling. They don't need to go from one place to another. It will save their time and efforts and at the same time will decrease fuel consumption as well as traffic congestion and help improve the environment (Pollution). I think this is more important for us at present.

3. Land in the centre of the city is very expensive so big MNCs may establish their building a little far from the centre (Must be connected with proper transportation). Thus, a lot of traffic will divert from centre to outside.

4. India will get a huge investment which will not only generate employment but revenue as GST and other taxes.

5. The competition will increase and thus customers will get better services. Customers will get products on competitive prices.

6. MNCs will buy retail items from India and thus can boost our domestic industry and generate employments indirectly. If they require, they can buy vegetables (to sell) from the farmer directly- this will help farmers get more prices for their products. Thus, help to double farmers income.

Arguments against it;

1. It will directly impact the employment in retail shops. The shops whose income will get down and not be able to pay even rent of shop building, they will cut man-power or it may be possible that they stop their shop.

2. There are more than 650 districts and around 4100 cities (administrative units) in our country. Suppose at least one such a big Mall is opened in each of cities give job to 50 people (the number can vary- it just an example), then 4100 Mall will give employment (Direct jobs) to 0. 2 million people almost. On the contrary, In our 13-14 million retail outlets (Wikipedia) suppose each gives the average job to 5 people (as there are some little big outlets and some small outlets) , then this sector may give a job to 65 to 75 million people (direct jobs). So the point is, FDI in retail sector may impact the livelihood of these 75 million people (not necessarily all).

3. A mall consumes a lot of electricity. It will increase the demand of electricity. To fulfil their requirement, we need to increase production which is still based on coal-based thermal power-plants (unhealthy for our environment). Thus will increase pollution (water, Air).

4. Big malls will impact competition environment in future. Some big malls can keep their prices less and get their rivals to throw out of the market and then can increase it (price). In absence of competitor, they can charge more prices on products (of course not more than MRP).

5. They can import all their needed retail products from abroad and thus, can destroy our domestic industry. It will result in more unemployment. (Govt. Can put a condition to buy at least some portion of their products from India).


1. We should allow FDI in the retail sector but there should be some limitations on it. Like as an experiment, we should allow some MNCs to open their mall in some districts in a state or in any Union Territory (no opposition from states in UTs) and then observe and examine how these MNCs impacting the retail market (retail shops) there. According to this experience, the Government should take further steps whether to allow it in the entire country or not.

2. No doubt, it will create employment but at the same time, it can generate unemployment on other places. So We have to deeply consider its pros and cons and then take any step.

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Shilpi Vijaywargi said: (Aug 16, 2018)  

I think there is pros and cons for every decision that is taken. One way customer and the government would definitely be benefitted by its arrival but on the other hand, it would be an obstacle for the young generation who wants to become entrepreneurs of their own as building empires like these large giants will require years of hard work and huge manpower support.

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Dev said: (Jul 22, 2018)  
Hello everyone. It is good for us and our country because in FDI lots of opportunity for a job. Many Indian are seated unemploye than slowly remove unemployee and growing economy in India.

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Saksham Sharma said: (Jul 9, 2018)  
Hello friends.

In my point of view, FDI is a good concept.

As it will directly increase the competition in the market and Indian companies will also increase the quality of their products. It will give more variety to the customers. Also, it will increase the employment in that sector and foreign companies will pay taxes which will enhance our Indian economy.

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Kalyani said: (Jul 9, 2018)  
Hello everyone.

Yes. Absolutely foreign direct investment in retail sector is good for India. It provides us new job opportunities and we could do best in business. To be specific if multinational company like wallmat, spencer k mart, dmart are willing to invest, then surely it is beneficial for us. I think Indian should take advantage of fdi and show economic growth.

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Banaula said: (Jul 9, 2018)  
FDI is Foreign Direct Investment in which a company which has its base outside India will set up its branch in India and start doing buisness. It can be advantegeous from point of view of consumer and goverment. This is because because of FDI many companies will come to India with their own products thus the customers will get a wide variety of choices and in terms of prices, and from the point of view of government when a MNC will come to India then it will buy land and give taxes to our government which will increase our economic growth. The other merits of FDI is that when a company set up its branch then it will introduce new technology so in order to operate these machines it will hire people thus it is providing employment to the youth and at the same time exposure to our young generation. But as we know every coin has its two faces in a same way there are some cons of introducing FDI in retail sector as for example if it is providing employment to our youth then at the same time it is a major cause of unemployment as it will ruin our small scale industries which is directly or indirectly employing lakhs of people so if these industries are closed then a huge amount of people will get unemployed.

Thus in conclusion we can say that FDI should be introduced in some percentage in retail sector not 100%.

Some strict rules and regulations and at at the same time government should support the local industries until.

They get economically strong so that they can compete in the global market.

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Mohammad Nadeem said: (Jul 3, 2018)  
GDP will increase but it will create unemployment in the country. FDI will fetch all profits to there countries. Indirectly it will be dangerous for our Indian retailers. Our own people will doing job for them and they will rule on our economy.

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ADITYA MISHRA said: (Jun 15, 2018)  
FDI will increase our market size but it will take away the small retailers and the household industries and the employment of those who have no degree or those who are uneducated.

But the tax revenue will increase as the companies will pay the taxes more fairly than our medium and small enterprise bit surely this will make us dependent after some couple of years then these companies will threaten us to DESTROY our economy.

Or, These giant foreign monsters could also do lobbying with our ministers which is even more harmful than tax evasion done by MSME, FDI in certain limits is always well and good but 100 % FDI is like giving 100% quota to a foreign student in our own universities.

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Munish Gupta said: (Jun 5, 2018)  
Hello friends, FDI means investment of foreign companies in our country and this results to increase the GDP of our country. If foriegn companies will come in our country it decrease unemployment of our country. Due to increase in companies there is a competition among Indian and foriegn companies and this results to be better things will come in market. It will give us a number of choices of things in market.

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Anil said: (Jun 2, 2018)  
Hello Friends.

Everything has pros and cons.


1. Economy size will increased.
2. GDP will increase.
3. Technology will improve.
4. Good quality products.


1. FDI will transfer the employment from unorganized to organized sector so total no of employment will decrease.
2. Lose small scale industry.
3. Bad quality products on less rate.

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Ajith Sajan said: (May 15, 2018)  
There are positive and negative sides for FDI.

Mainly, FDI increases the economic growth of our country. It also helps in employing those who are unemployed. It will be a great relief to those lakhs of people who are unemployed in India. Another merit of this is that consumers are capable of buying a variety of goods which has good quality.

On the other hand, these destructors our Indian small-scale industries and that led to a crisis of Indian investment in their own country.

But this will be only in concentrated areas. In rural areas, Indian companies are the ones which can invest because FDI is not possible on such rural areas of the country.

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Manoj said: (May 4, 2018)  
Hi friends, FDI is benefit for Indian government because foreign currency in our country deposited. There is money bank provided for loan Indian business man's because Indian economy is well growth. But benefits for only one Indian government. .

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Deependra Singh said: (Feb 20, 2018)  
Hi friends.

As per my opinion, everything has pros and cons.

So positive impact of FDI:

A) It will surely boost the economy.
B) it will generate the employment but only in MNC;s because the investment will not be done in the unorganized sectors.
C) It will make the India a huge market in terms in every feild.


A) Generate more unemployment because it leads the downfall of unorganized companies.
B) threat to startups because majority investment will be done in established companies.
C) India market will lose its value.


A) some part of FDI should be in unorganized sector and startups.

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Lata Mehta said: (Feb 17, 2018)  
Hello everyone. FDI ie. Foreign direct investment is investing in a country by the companies of foreign country. In my opinion, FDI in retail sector is beneficial. As it increases the GDP of our country, give more employment opportunities to people of the country, make the market more competitive so the companies of our country also make its performance better, give consumers more choices from all over the world at competitive prices, raise the standard of living of people.

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Helly said: (Feb 14, 2018)  
Yes, I think that foreign direct investment is good of India because it will give rise to a competitive environment in the country, also the employment will increase. The local small-scale industries will be affected but they will be inspired to use new technologies and perform better in order to give a tough competition to FDI.

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Jyoti said: (Feb 5, 2018)  
According to me, fdi is advantageous for our country as it provides job opportunities. Create a healthy competition as a result people get more varieties of product at cheaper price. It also helps in increasing foreign reserved which we can use in payment of import goods.

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Suraj Yadav said: (Feb 3, 2018)  
Yes, it is good for India because the developed country connection to India will increase, much product of the developed country provided in cheap price so it is a good thing for the local costumer our country.

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N. S said: (Jan 28, 2018)  
May be or may be not. If we look from customer's and Government's point of view than Yes because a consumer can got a lot many choices and government will earn revenue in terms of taxes.

But a local retailer may not be benefited because it will decrease it's market share.

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Sachin said: (Jan 12, 2018)  
Hello guys,

FDI means a company or a corporation which is established outside India is investing in Indian market by forming a joint venture company, wholly owned subsidiary company or otherwise.

FDI in retail sector has both advantage and disadvantage.

The advantages are available mostly to the government and consumers.

High sales mean high revenues and accordingly to the government will get high taxes from the foreign company. Consumers can select from a large variety of products and also have the advantage to buy cheap products.

The existing large scale industries of India can cope up with the competition from a foreign company, but our small-scale industries may find it difficult to compete.

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Srishti Shrivastava said: (Jan 3, 2018)  
Every coin has 2 sides. So if we talk from customer's point of view, FDI in retail sector will be beneficial as we will have varieties of products with good quality.

And Talking from local seller's point of view, FDI will be a hindrance to our business as there will be stiff competition from foreign companies which can lead to falling in revenue for our business.

And lastly, talking about impact on job opportunities in India due to FDI, so at present India is doing pretty well in terms of maintaining relations with foreign countries, then be it importing electronic goods from China, importing crude oil from Saudi Arabia etc but unemployment rate in India still remains unaffected at 5.7 and now it has been found that in 2018 it will increase to 5.80.

So According to me, FDI in retail sector should be prepared less, as it will hamper one of the initiatives taken by Prime Minister "Make In India". In case of FDI, mostly foreign companies will prefer to employ their own people and make products in their countries and selling it to Indians earning huge amounts of profit.

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Ankita Karmakar said: (Dec 22, 2017)  
Given the topic to discuss on FDI, the first point I would throw light upon is international relationships. India has a long history of foreign investments dating back to the establishment of East India Company in Kolkata. After that the tie-ups of MNC's with Indian workforce to set up a vast chain of foreign companies in the Indian subcontinent. All this have time and again proved how foreign trades, investments, and establishments in India has always catalyzed Indian workforce giving rise to innumerable employment opportunities. Furthermore, cash flow through foreign investment strengthens the Indian economy, boosting the India economic framework. Foreign investments strengthen international relationships which results in international tie-ups, MOU's between these countries. Recently, in the Ahmedabad-Mumbai Bullet Train project, Japan has funded 88000crore. These are direct results of FDI channelizing through various sectors since ages in India. Funneling down to impact on the retail sector, FDI however, has some negative effects on the industries with a small turnover in India and indigenous production items. The surplus inflow of foreign goods does impact retail industry resulting in poor performance of indigenous goods. Hence FDI though beneficial to Indian economy in lot many ways should be strategically implemented in India keeping in mind its impact on every Indian industry.

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Tarique said: (Dec 21, 2017)  
As much I know about FDI, it will completely affect our country in both terms, due to FDI job opportunities will be generated, govt will get tax, due to that company economy will be a move towards growth. Consumers will get a good quality product like healthy living. In the era of globalization, we should welcome FDI. If we welcome something, so someone will welcome us.

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Malik said: (Nov 8, 2017)  
As per my perception it's totally unjustified to allow foreign direct investment even in retail sector because it can cease the chances of indigenous company to grow. And also one of the most important thing is that India will have a smooth economy when it's export would exceed import. Further I would like to correlate this incident with our history.

I would like to take a flash back to our history that British had also come in India in disguise of investors but later on they captured India deceitfully and ruled over India. So keeping in mind old incidents I would like to emphasise that some restrictions should be imposed on foreigners in context of their investment in retail sector. Am not saying that FDI is not a good thing but there should be some restrictions over it.

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S.Delhibabu said: (Oct 16, 2017)  
Yes, it is good as much as the weightage given to small industries by our Indian government start to utilize the pure benefits of the flowing money invested properly with the help of highly efficient controlling officers of FDI fund inflow. And unemployment should go vanished by the trending Technologies whereas some training and development should initiate the awareness of digitalization techniques as well as continue fruitful debates &competitions among college students, youngsters about industry & it's employment requirements. Cumulatively all these steps taken against covering up unemployment, increasing exports by flowing FDI money rather loosing the complete control of our Indian domestic market. PL request everyone to take the advantage of what's latest trending irrespective of the product belongs to any country and create more spaces for our own Indian products shining newly never opposed by other countries to purchase our Indian products at any cost where in the quality of products is our key.

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Amritesh Aryan said: (Oct 14, 2017)  
FDI in retail sector has its own advantages and disadvantages.

Let's first talk about the positive side. Foreign investment in retail sector will give consumers lots of varieties in every products. Employment will also increase which is a big problem of present India. FDI will increase competition and Indian industries will also grow with higher rates because now they can also invest in other countries. For establishment of FDI, our government will get very high taxes which can increase our economy.


For developing countries like India where productions is mainly through small industries. Due to big MNCs companies, they can't stand and will be vanished that will decrease the employment. Also, FDI will start controlling the prices of product. For example cocacola worth is just, 1 but they can sell it at much higher price easily.

So, I think FDI is good but only in some sectors where we can learn from them and can compete them. Also Indian government should encourage small industries to use new technology and as India has low labour cost we can produce things at lower cost than foreugn countries.

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Jayesh said: (Oct 12, 2017)  
Partially good or bad!

The Reason behind that is, now recent times India is world third last country to received FDI in the year 2016-17, but people generally think if FDI inflow increase than employment as well as technology will boost up. But we know that our prediction is going wrong cause FDI has generally come in existing country, now foreign country's are investing their money in it as well e-commerce sector due to this reason India is growing jobless.

2nd reason is that India's tax policy is not constant its changing time to time and our intellectual property rights is not enough strong as required so many companies are scared to in retail sector.

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Saswati said: (Oct 3, 2017)  
Yes, it is good for India but not completely. Good because foreign countries invest in India which promotes good relation between India and the investing country. Unemployment decreases as it creates job opportunities for people. Our country tries to increase th equality of their products in order to compete with the foreign country our currecncy strength is also increaed as compared to other nations it also helps in technological advancement as the foreign countries provide a strategy for that. Bad because the small scale industries of India get affected by fdi.

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Ms Rakshit said: (Sep 25, 2017)  
Foreign direct investment is very important in our country because it gives job opportunity. Also foreign company has to pay to govt to setting up business. It will boost our economy. But it will affect the small scale industries. So we should not completly depend on foreign companies.

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MD Ansari said: (Sep 6, 2017)  
In my view, where FDI help to grow the economy of country where it keeps also few bad effect on it because when all the production and supply will be done by multi brand unit and that will demolish local shopkeeper and small businessman and we rest only consumer and servant nobody would be able to install any small biz. Small biz can not stand before multi brand market.

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ANKIT ARORA said: (Aug 31, 2017)  
Hello everyone.

As we all, know India started to liberalize its economy in 1991 so as to globalize Indian economy. Till now FDI has changed the way buisnees are run from pre L.P.G reform era. Regarding FDI in retail is concerned goverment has allowed 100% in single brand with some restrictions regarding local sourcing and 49% in multi brand retail sector. Retail sector in India is an unorganised sector with 90% or more business done by local shop owners such as kiryana shops , departmental store owners.

Benefit of FDI in retail sector could be:
1. Benefit of scales which further leads to reduction in cost and same product available at lower cost.
2. Improvement in infrastruture such as cold storage which in result reduces wastage from farm.
3. More tax compliance as organiszed player enter the market.
4. M.N.C which bring in FDI also integarate Indian economy with rest of the world which allows our product avilable in other country and vv.
As more FDI is coming in India we are moving towards organized retail market with players such as walmart, reliace etc

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Vikas said: (Aug 29, 2017)  
In my opinion, FDI to some extent is good for our country as it creates job opportunities for the youth. There will be a healthy competition between the foreign companies and local companies to capture the market which is good for the customers as they will get better quality products at cheap rates. But as we know that it has some drawbacks also as it directly affects the small scale industry in the country and the local retailers also. So it is very important that small scale industries should also be empowered by the government as we can't rely completely on foreign companies and we need to become self-sufficient which is very important for any country to achieve growth.

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Mohit Purbey said: (Aug 29, 2017)  
Hello, everyone.

I think FDI is a mix of good or bad in the retail sector for India. It should only be allowed relatively small percentage and not 100 percent. Yes, it is true FDI brings Job opportunities, technological advancements and much more. But we should not overlook the facts that it also has its set of disadvantage like it can control the prices of products both consumers and suppliers will be affected because of this, local shops will suffer too best example would be for this Walmart replacing local retail stores.

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Manav said: (Aug 25, 2017)  
I am completely positive with FDI (foreign direct investment) it is good India if looking up on retail market there are lots of brands are out of India and they dealing good business with Indian customers one question is that how they've attracted our customers because they giving better price with better products which every customer like and second thing is that whatever we buy we gave tax to government whether it is Indian product Or foreign product if we are considering our economy points of view it helps us!

Second thing is that we knew which one is better product with better price for example the cost of Coca-Cola is less than 1 rupee and selling price of product is 9 or 10 so it will directly impact on USA economy.

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Ilayaraja said: (Aug 19, 2017)  
In our point of view, FDI is good for growing up the economy. Foreign companies can invest money in India establishing it branches, it will create a huge employment opportunity as well as make an own indigenous product. Hence, it used to reduce the import from other foreign countries and increase the export. Our country GDP increase double times compared with past growth. The retailer is buying a product directly through manufacturer company with cheaper price. It will increase the making in India product with higher quality. We are ready to confront combat among the developed countries.

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Amit said: (Aug 12, 2017)  
Firstly, it's important to understand what does FDI actually means. It means that a company from foreign country invests in one country to set up a buisness which would be helpful for them and for the country tuey investing too. Here, Retail sector is the part of country economy, a kind of buisness which supplies goods through store, internet etc. To buisness in our country, FDI was banned till 2011 then the government allowed the foreign investors. With FDI, our country's economy would develop which is very much necessary for a developing country. It also provides employment to youths in our country and somewhat of unemployment isssue would be solved.

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JJ Govinda said: (Aug 6, 2017)  
Foreign direct investment is very important in our country because India is a developing country lot of things we need to develop India in present scenario facing many major problems such as unemployment poverty over dynamic leader pm Narendra Modi taken several steps to boost our country economy FDI will help India to the growth of the country.

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Krishna Kumar said: (Aug 5, 2017)  
Hi guys,

FDI helps to develop our country. For ex: If foreign investor like to invest in India then our country will grow in economy. But if our country grown more than US then obliviously the investor started to think to borrow money from India and invest in their home country. Another ex: China products, the people are more attracted on China products because of packing, cost, features of the products, etc. This is not helping to our country economy to grow.

Finally, India should not depend only on one thing like FDI. If FDI is not there then choose other option to develop our country.

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Mahima said: (Jul 27, 2017)  
In my opinion, yes FDI is good for our country; as India is a developing country and it needs more development work over here, for that foreign investment is required in our economy which creates employment and help in reducing to the problem of poverty.

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Navdeep Asthana said: (Jul 26, 2017)  
Hello friends, in my point of view the F.D.I means foreign direct investment would be done in our India because when a foreign industry come in India to setup their branch in India first of all they buy a land and they pay a tax to government this is the first reason, then they build the infrastructure of their industry so they can hire a builder and builder also earn money from them this is the third reason, then they would buy a machine from the machinery store so the store will also earn money this is the fourth reason, they employee workers which help them too producing goods so our people also get job by them this is the fifth reason, so all these reasons are true and valid which I gave in above lines. So, in my opinion, F.D.I. (foreign direct investment) must be done in India. So thank you for reading my points.

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Ayrin Syed said: (Jul 25, 2017)  
Partially, FDI in the retail sector is good, Our country is developing the country, so it needs some Foreign investment. To make our economic status good, we can invest it. But human talents are hidden when there is a foreign investment, Our country's people talents are unique, by using the foreign products, we get addicted to their brands. Our country must use only our products, it is proud for all of us. Economic status is not as much as, so we slightly depend on foreign investments. We must not become their slaves, we must be very innovative, and keep on inventing new ideas, stop using foreign products. Thank you.

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Ilayaraja said: (Jul 15, 2017)  
According to my point, FDI means foreign country company wants to invest establishing their branches across the country. Foreign direct investment contribution of growth of the economy and create various employee opportunity in our country. Hence manufacture has been increasing through added an increasing export of the country. So we are not dependent in other countries making a products. In retail sector will make a new products on competative with other corporate sector. Manufacturer company delivered product a span of time to retail consumer, it attract a customer buying on retail shop. So FDI contribution not only earning income foreign company but also promote the retail sector across the country.

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Terrance DCruz said: (Jul 14, 2017)  
As our government is planning to raise FDI it will defiantly go up to 49%, it clearly means we are not able to compete with technological development and fulfil the demand of the market.

Hence foreign MNC's will take over the market and they will create a job, but what will happen in any case of war or political instability. A Large number of people will unemployed.

And reassessing small scale industries and retail, I am sure FDI is very harmful. Although it will create a new market for retails. But again we will be fully dependent on our government.

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Madhurendra Ranjan said: (Jul 10, 2017)  
As, I view it the whole point of FDI in any sector is to provide an impetus to growth and make it at par with the global level. Retail in India is very robust. It accounts for 10% of GDP in India and 8% employment opportunities. Thus it is not wise to promote foreign giants to such an already flourishing sector and jeopardise the income of retailers. In this particular instance, we should go with the desi way of doing things.

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Ubais Javed said: (Jun 24, 2017)  
I think in retail sector FDI isn't good because it will kill the business of small scale retailers FDIs are in direct touch with farmers which throws out small retailers who buy there raw material initially but no will not be able to do so as FDIs directly buy it from farmers at good prices hence it neglect the retailers.

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Anamika said: (Jun 23, 2017)  
According to me, FDI is good forIndia as it will bring economic development, more employment opportunities, increase in national income and hence increase in individual income, development of human capital recources and increased productivity. However it should be made sure that FDI is made in core and required sectors. It shouldn't affect the small retail shops by investing in retail stores. Thank you.

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Nitesh said: (Jun 21, 2017)  
According to me, FDI inflow is good for any country. It makes country strong economically but it need in such a sector which needs imrovement. Such as core sector, manufacturing, technology based sector. As India is a good market of retail secotor. By allowing FDI in retail chances, the small shop unit may get affected. As small shop provide employment to many pepole. The people also affected.

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Marepally BixaM said: (Jun 16, 2017)  
My dear friends. According to my view, FDI in retail sector will definitely improves the Indian economy but is bane for our Indian retail sector businessmen. If we look into retail market in India all are middle class people only. Their retail business will be effected. So our growth should not effect the Indian retailers. Hence some specific measures has to be taken before implementing. Otherwise middle class people will be affected. Thank you.

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Yogesh Kuamr Patel said: (Jun 13, 2017)  
Hi friends,

FDI good target achievement in all word wall mart (FDI) retail is number one retail marked in all word and sealing target is good and stap by stap target achievement almost people purchase in wall mart benefit value for money and price is market low price thank you.

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Sanjay said: (Jun 11, 2017)  
Yes, it will boost the growth of Indian economy however it will impact the retail sector in a negative way as it will impact the small retailers and their small shops. People will prefer the retail stores and not the small shops available in the market. The FDI in retail sector will bring unemployment situations in our country as it will mostly effect the small retailers and their small shops they will loose their customers because customers will prefer the retail outlets.

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SAYAN SARKAR said: (Jun 10, 2017)  
Hello everyone, today's topic is very much relevant and important in current economic scenario of our country. FDI no doubt plays a vital role behind surge of economy. Now India is one of the e country where retail market is prosperous and evolving day by day. This of course is possible due to FDI in this sector. Now govt allows 100% FDI in multi brand retail as long as the product made in India. By the hand of online shops like Amazon, Flipkart, Bigbusket etc retail market is now being controlled by FDI. It includes food market to electronic market. This is boon for growth. Departmental stores or big shopping mall surely generates employment. Every commodity comes under tax, natuarally when we go to supermarket to bye a product, it may be a pen or a detergent soap or vegetable or fish, we are paying tax for that commodity which in turns boosts the govt income. This is boon for development of a country. But in the other hand small shop owners like grocery to vegetable vendors in neighboring market lose their customers. They can not compete with big investors naturally. Govt should think about them because big investors in retail market in one way or another snatching the bread from their mouth. And growth of a country depends on better living quality and better earning from every section of the society.

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Shivani Jha said: (Jun 5, 2017)  
According to me, FDI in a retail sector is good for India, because India is developing country and economically not very strong. FDI gives 90% of the investment to Indian government which helps in the development of the different rural areas and also FDI purchase 30% Indian products which help in the import the Indian products.

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Neeraj said: (Jun 2, 2017)  
Hi Guys,

Yes, "Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in retail sector is good for India" because India is a developing country and there is need of these types of process as these are helpful to grow our nation towards best possible manner. With the help of "FDI" not only money comes but also many things come from country to country and each thing becomes useful for the nation whether it be technology or any better idea for manufacturing process. Customers always try to find out better things at lower price and this particular mind set up is possible with the help of "Foreign Direct Investment".

As we all know that unemployment still is the biggest problem of our developing country and FDI is one of the best way to overcome this problem from the stages. Retail sector is that sector which interacts directly with the consumers whether it be on line or off line overall I can say that all benefits are being received by the end user I mean end user is effected directly under this process.

And on base of these types of investments there is a healthy relationship which is improving day in day out among the countries that is strong bone of this business. Because a spread relationship many ways open easily to do multiple things at a time.

Finally, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in retail sector in India is magic stick through many problems are going to solve from the nation.


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ADIL HUSSAIN said: (May 22, 2017)  
Indeed, FDI plays a vital role to surge our economy. Foreign companies not only provide their technology but also creates a level of competition among domestic as well as with other foreign companies. Moreover, there should be a certain limitation that these foreign companies shouldn't influence the domestic market.

For instance, Amazon is totally killing the market of Flipkart. Most of the product are available in Amazon with more discount as compared to Flipkart. There should be proper equilibrium so that Indian companies wouldn't be influenced.

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Soniya Choudhary said: (May 12, 2017)  
Yes, according to my opinion, FDI in retail sector will be beneficial for our Indian economy. Foreigner investors will invest money and bring new technology in India and this will help to improve employment rate and standard of life as well as a healthy competition will be developed between indigenous person and foreigner to sales their products and for this, they will work on new technology to improve the product quality in cheaper amount. But with this FDI will put adverse effects on small business. So, FDI should be implemented with strict rules.

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Manpreet Singh said: (May 8, 2017)  
Yes, There are so many benefits in the country like increase employment opportunities, increase exports, good effect in national income etc.

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Nishu said: (Apr 14, 2017)  
Yes, I think FDI in retail sector is good for our country because it has many benefits it increases the GDP It makes the items of same quality and same brand to be available at low prices and it helps to grow India with greater pace but the most important thing is that it generates huge employment and we know that our population is increasing very rapidly so we have to create employment at much faster rate to decrease the unemployment from our country and FDI will help us in that.

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Sham said: (Apr 13, 2017)  
Yes, I think our ruling party has taken a good initiative in India. Actually, the main theme is to provide a business hub and income hub environment in 25 sectors. I think people in our country are divided into three classes. Higher class think to get a good education and go abroad to work in foreign companies. The Middle class has no so much intention. They educate their wards to serve within own country either as a govt servant or a business man. And tehe lower class has neither money and nor good education. In this term, the technical method of foreign countries can be available in India. Which will affect all communities in retail and wholesale sectors.

It will reduce the rates and taxes levied on the items. People will be encourages to invent their own. Small Indian companies will be healthy in relation with foreign countries.

Nowadays we are importing many retail items for our daily use which are made by china, japan, etc. Though the initiative has not got a good speed, I think the FDI will be the good method to boost up our economy in all sectors.

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RAJKARAN VAISHYA said: (Apr 11, 2017)  
Yes, the India foreign direct investment is good because there are many investors who want to invest their money in technical Industries improves the Indian economy.

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Javed Ansari said: (Apr 9, 2017)  
FDI is for India for because job opportunity are increased and maintain relation between countries.

Economy growth increased as well as new technology comes to India and proper utilised row material and God maintain.

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Shah said: (Mar 24, 2017)  
As far as my perspective FDI should have a warm welcome. But every business cycle has a growth and maturity part as well. If any company has created a strong roots in India and has gained enough market share in India then govt of India should try to own and handle that business by itself by buying all foreign shares of that particular company as the bulk profit and revenue that is been generated by these companies could be utilized towards people of India instead of foreign families as in this case we are owning a company that has established its roots in India up to maximum and should be promoted by Indian people themselves in future. So in nutshell, there should be strong support from govt of India in this case.

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VIMAL said: (Mar 18, 2017)  
Now a days, FDI in retail sector is being promoted through make in India initiative which I believe will boost local manufacturing. The country needs foreign capital inflow and FDI in retail sector will boost investment, bring in business expertise, and modernise the country's retail sector. This will bring competition in domestic market and thus will lower the cost for consumers and will enhance the product quality.

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Ramya said: (Mar 14, 2017)  
Yes, I do agree it is very useful. Those who are unemployed they can take the opportunity of taking part in FDI too. So it increases better opportunities in their job.

Thank you.

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MAQUSUD said: (Mar 5, 2017)  
According to my point of view, FDI in retail sector in India is a way to get out of some trap like intermediaries and high cost.

As far as farmer is concerned they are going to get benefit directly selling the product to retailers and now the storage and transportation is on hand of retailers. And availability of new technology to store and transport the products the wastage of agro products could be reduced.

And on the other side in the era of globalizaTion. Market is open for all and companies inflow as FDI bring technology, ideas, competition. And companies also paying taxes to our government that just increases the revenue. Consumers are getting benefit of their choices and competitive market providing us quality product.

Now we should not be more conservative to talking about our culture, tradition and PEOPLE OF INDIA.

Let give a chance to INDIAN enhance their living and fulfill their choices with the use of quality products.

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Neha said: (Feb 28, 2017)  
Hi friends,

I think FDI is good for India in retail sector because through FDI we get the quality products because we all know foreign products have quality. The Eg.of foreign companies in India are Levi's, Pepe jeans, Samsung, Nike, Addidas, Sony etc. All these companies have quality and standard. Through FDI Indian people can buy foreign products and Indian economy will also raise and employment will increase. India will get fame with FDI.


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Ashok Chetri said: (Feb 22, 2017)  
On the FDI regard I reckoned that FDI policy is good for India but it will be totally absurd to convey that we should not appreciate FDI because at the end of the day FDI will revamp or inject competition in the market which will apparently help out the small business to compete and upto the level of the foreign company. But on the flip side of this policy, there should not be totally 100% liberal for this policy in India because it will drastically effect the small business in India and we will be totally depended on the foreign company which I fill is not a good sign for the developing country like India.

So, in nutshell what I want to urge is that there should be a balance between the FDI investment which will eventually help the economy of our country to grow in balance way abreast injection fresh technologies in the economy and helping the small business to upgrade them-self to the level of the foreign company.

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Arka Mondal said: (Feb 21, 2017)  
Yes, FDI in Retail Sector good for India. FDI is necessary for Indian economy growth. It will help to generate revenue taxes as well. Huge competition in market will lessen price of products so the customers will get good products in cheaper price.

On the other hand Mom and Pop stores will also face challanges which are not good for those who are unable to afford to visit malls, adding to that who often buys products on credit from mom and pop stores.

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Manish Hota said: (Feb 20, 2017)  
FDI plays a major role in the development of a developing country. India is a country with the large population. Poverty, unemployment are some major problems and l think, through FDI, it would be beneficial for us to eradicate such problems. Also through FDI, new technologies, better foreign relationship are maintained. So, its imp to go in favour of FDI. THANKS.

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Aprajita Srivastava said: (Feb 10, 2017)  
FDI in Indian retail sector is good because if country has to develop then it is must to invest in outsider and allow outsiders to invest in our country. With this step, the economy of India will grow. This is an illusion that if outsiders setup their company in India then people of India will be unemployed, but its not true as this step will give lots of opportunity to the people. When they setup the company, they will also need people to work.

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Ganesh Abotula said: (Feb 7, 2017)  
Hai, according to my point, FDI is necessary for India growth. The growth will come from increased employment. As we know if we have more foreign investors automatically employment goes raises. But at the same time, other small business unit may lose their profits. Although it is correct way to increase our economic growth and people lifestyle up to some extent. Due to this, the rupee value will be increased from day to day and strictly I can it creates a lot of opportunities for peoples both educated and noneducated. Finally, I have to conclude it. FDI may make India be like the USA and it may increases in Port and export theirs by increasing our Indian economy. Thank you for given wonderful opportunity.

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Brijesh said: (Jan 13, 2017)  
As far as I consider, FDI is good for any country because it provides the opportunity to familiar with various kind of technology of world.

Yes, it causes many small businessmen, retailer etc would face many difficulties in short span, but beyond that the bright future is waiting for every people of India. It will help in increase employment, foreign trade, growth rate of economy, GDP and also will help to prevent inflation.

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Abhishek said: (Jan 12, 2017)  
No, according to me, it will make rich more rich and poor (middle class) to its worst.

And some are praising the side which is minority of India its gd for minority but majority of India is adversely affected so I am against it.

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Shoaib Ali said: (Jan 5, 2017)  
FDI is a good for any nation. Because our country is a developing country. If foreign country will make their company here it will be more useful for development in all the fields. Because of FDI we got new technology from other country just like metro. Without FDI we will lose much chances of development.

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Shruti said: (Dec 29, 2016)  
FDI is basically the investment done by the parent company in the host country. FDI is more secure way of raising capital. More of FDI in India will eventually help the country to grow at a rapid pace. It will boost the economic growth within the country and will establish globalization in a better way than usual. GDP will also improve and hence the national income. FDI in every aspect will help the country to grow. At beginning, it might affect the small businesses, rural areas in country but in a long run it is beneficial for the country.

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Tenma said: (Dec 23, 2016)  
India is a growing market and in order to sustain growth, we need capital. Unfortunately, India does not have the domestic capital base required to sustain it's growth, therefore, we need FDI.

That being said there is also the major risk of market disruption based on certain global factors. After the recent rate hike by the FED, it is forecasted that foreign investors will be more willing to withdraw their money from emerging markets and invest it in safe US treasury bonds. This could cause the Indian market to fall.

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Garvit Anand said: (Dec 22, 2016)  
In my opinion, FDI is good for long term business but its impact on Indian retail market is very worse as it may lead to ruin Indian retailers and may ruin India market for short span but for long term goals it increases our GDP, foreign trade, employment, improved quality and services and economic growth.

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Viswa said: (Dec 22, 2016)  

In my opinion, it will lead India in future.

I agree there is a some difficulties, whenever we ready to face difficulties then only will get good results.

FDI is very good to develop India.

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Vishal said: (Dec 21, 2016)  
Hi friends. In my opinion, FDI is good. We all know that India developed country but if we want that India more develops then FDI is provides new technology and etc that's region in India everyone in connecting to the social media.

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Neha said: (Dec 20, 2016)  
Yes, I think it's good for India as FDI creates a lot of employment opportunities within the country and moreover whenever there is a competition there are always better products in the market. So anyway this is a win-win situation for the Indian economy as well as for the product consumers plus the opportunists!

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Atul said: (Dec 20, 2016)  
I don't agree with Sathish because first FDI will bring lots of employment secondly it's not 100% sure that small scale sale will suffer there no scientific proof for that. If you really wanna know the effect of FDI on small scale business we should do some kind of survey.

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Sathish said: (Dec 19, 2016)  
FDI is not good for India, India is made in India, we peoples are buying a ration rice from government for 2 Rs or free, why I am conveying above point means because of FDI.

Small investment owners are affected by FDI.

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Digvijay Vijay Desai said: (Dec 19, 2016)  
Hi guys.

Every coin has two sides. From my point of view its has merits & demerits also. But FDI will move towards more merits rather than demerits. Because of FDI we get more jobs, new technologies, growth, relation with other countries. FDI may affect slightly in the retail sector but not that much of influence. As we know in India we are suffering from unemployment. So FDI will give the solution to this problem somehow.

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Avinash said: (Dec 16, 2016)  
I think no it's not good, as this type of investment is affecting the middle-class business people severely. The opportunity for less educated people to start a small business is directly snatched away resulting into the affecting of GDP. The hard work of small towns people in retail sector become competitive with the big companies through their direct investment in retail sector.

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Pavan Kumar said: (Dec 16, 2016)  
No, according to me, it's not that much good for India.

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Ilanthirayan said: (Dec 15, 2016)  
I would like to go against full direct investment. Example take KTM - Bajaj joint venture. When we buy a bike a percentage of profit goes to Bajaj comparing to fully international company. Also when we work in FDI companies they only need to pay less wage (comparison with international wages) hence they are able to produce product at least cost getting profit. Ultimately they are only profiting. But when we take joint venture we have some profit and also control over company.

Thank you.

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Hitesh Yadav said: (Dec 14, 2016)  
I think foreign direct investment is good for development of India. It will create job opportunity. But on other side it will not in favor of small-scale retailers because foreign companies like Walmart will provide goods on very cheap price so competition with these companies will not possible for small scale retailer.

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Deepak said: (Dec 12, 2016)  
It's good for India because it creates a value for an product which already exists. And then it makes an employment opportunity which was struggled by the Indian government. Then it improves an updated technology to survive the new market trends.

A coin have two sides likewise, it has demerits also which cause our domestic products.

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Jiyalal Prajajati said: (Dec 8, 2016)  
1. Integration into global economy: Developing countries, which invite FDI, can gain access to a wider global and better platform in the world economy.

2. Economic Growth: This is one of the major sectors, which is enormously benefited from foreign direct investment. A remarkable inflow of FDI in various industrial units in India has boosted the economic life of country.

3. Trade - Foreign Direct Investments have opened a wide spectrum of opportunities in the trading of goods and services in India both in terms of import and export production. Products of superior quality are manufactured by various industries in India due to greater amount of FDI inflows in the country.

4. Technology diffusion and knowledge transfer " FDI apparently helps in the outsourcing of knowledge from India, especially in the Information Technology sector. Developing countries by inviting FDI can introduce world-class technology and technical expertise and processes to their existing working process. Foreign expertise can be an important factor in upgrading the existing technical processes.

5. Increased competition - FDI increases the level of competition in the host country. Other companies will also have to improve their processes and services in order to stay in the market. FDI enhanced the quality of products, services and regulates a particular sector. Linkages and spillover to domestic firms- Various foreign firms are now occupying a position in the Indian market through Joint Ventures and collaboration concerns. The maximum amount of the profits gained by the foreign firms through these joint ventures is spent on the Indian market.

6. Employment - FDI has also ensured a number of employment opportunities by aiding the setting up of industrial units in various corners of India. So according to my knowledge FDI is good for India. Because it helps to utilize the resources of our country, provides job opportunities and helps to build our country strong in economically.

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Aryan said: (Dec 8, 2016)  
FDI invests in India is good. It has some disadvantages also but it has more advantages in compare to disadvantages.

1) It increases the employment by establishing plants in India.

2) it also helps to improve technology.

3) It also causes competition among industries/ companies, due to which customers get better quality of things at a reasonable price.

4) It will increase the value of Indian currency.

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Jaya Gupta said: (Dec 8, 2016)  
FDI in retail sector is positive in the sense that,

- Increases employment in host country.

- GDP of the host country will improve.

- Foreign currency inflow which leads to increase in foreign exchange reserves.

- Inflow of technical skills and knowledge.

- Competition will increase in d host market.

- Improved national income as it provides greater employment opportunities with lucrative salary (especially those with greater knowledge).

- Customer oriented products hence leading to greater customer satisfaction.


- Generally, such firms engage in price wars. They force the home markets to keep their prices low as well even if it is unprofitable for them to do so. This is because such large firms with huge production base manage low cost through economies of scale and small firms lose on this.

- May misuse natural resources of the host country.

- MNC's usually end up bringing obsolete technology to the host country.

- A major % of retail sector in India is owned by small or middle businessman, who unable to meet the competition usually sell their business to MNC's. This in turn gives birth to a cycle of problems like decrease in Personal Disposable Income, employment opportunities etc.

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Fxvinu said: (Dec 7, 2016)  
FDI is the mixture of beauty. This opportunity is big bang for India, FDI benefits for all types of people and products, FDI always follow the instructions process so perfect place for business and accurate database, because of this nobody can escape from income tax, tell me which one we have to support is it manufacturing in India or just only assembled and really we appreciate some desi products although we really addicted maximum foreign goods because advanced quality, my dear friends we have choice for everything, because of in India out of hundred more than sixty percentage only youth, frankly entire world worried about this. That's why everybody interested in India if increase FDI our income also raises think about.


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Aish said: (Dec 4, 2016)  
Yes, it's important because it will increase the money worth of the Indian rupee.

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