Data Interpretation - Table Charts - Discussion

Study the following table and answer the questions based on it.

Number of Candidates Appeared, Qualified and Selected in a Competitive Examination from Five States Delhi, H.P, U.P, Punjab and Haryana Over the Years 1994 to 1998

Year Delhi H.P U.P Punjab Haryana
AppQualSel AppQualSel AppQualSel AppQualSel AppQualSel
1997800085094780081082750072078820068085640070075
1998480050048750080065560062085680060070710065075
1999750064082740056070480040048650052565520035055
2000950085090880092086700065070780072084640054060
2001900080070720085075850095080570048560450060075

3. 

In the year 1997, which state had the lowest percentage of candidates selected over the candidates appeared?

[A]. Delhi
[B]. H.P
[C]. U.P
[D]. Punjab

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The percentages of candidates selected over the candidates appeared in 1997, for various states are:

(i) For Delhi = ( 94 x 100 ) % = 1.175%.
8000

(ii) For H.P. = ( 82 x 100 ) % = 1.051%.
7800

(iii) For U.P. = ( 78 x 100 ) % = 1.040%.
7500

(iv) For Punjab ( 85 x 100 ) % = 1.037%.
8200

(v) For Haryana ( 75 x 100 ) % = 1.172%.
6400

Clearly, this percentage is lowest for Punjab.


Meenakshi said: (Jun 12, 2013)  
Is there any short method to do this because in competitive exam there is very short time for calculation?

Gopirotte said: (Mar 19, 2014)  
1. Take difference of appeared and selected 8, 115.

2. For lowest percentage we consider lower differences with base as appeared candidates (8200).

3. Choose large no in denominator from options to get lowest %.

Therefor Punjab is our answer.

Prachi said: (Sep 4, 2014)  
@Gopirotte.

Will you please explain this in detail? I didn't get your option 2 and 3.

Kiran said: (Dec 31, 2015)  
Please explain in detail.

Vvk said: (Oct 9, 2016)  
2 and 3 steps like.

The difference between applied and qualified is 8, 115 as per 2 and 3 steps for lowest percentage the denominator must be higher than numerator so its 8200. So, the Answer Punjab.

Akshay said: (Mar 12, 2019)  
1. Take 1% of every applied candidates and compare it with selected candidates.
2. If the difference between them is small or negative that's your answer.
3. But here the answer for UP and Punjab are the same (3) so you will have to calculate % for both of them (Its better than calculating for all of them).

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