A point load of 700 kN is applied on the surface of thick layer of clay. Using Boussinesq's elastic analysis, the estimated vertical stress (σ_{v}) at a depth of 2 m and a radial distance of 1.0 m from the point of application of the load, is :

A propped cantilever beam of span L, is loaded with uniformly distributed load of intensity w/unit length, all through the span. Bending moment at the fixed end is,