Aptitude - Probability - Discussion

Discussion Forum : Probability - General Questions (Q.No. 1)
1.
Tickets numbered 1 to 20 are mixed up and then a ticket is drawn at random. What is the probability that the ticket drawn has a number which is a multiple of 3 or 5?
1
2
2
5
8
15
9
20
Answer: Option
Explanation:

Here, S = {1, 2, 3, 4, ...., 19, 20}.

Let E = event of getting a multiple of 3 or 5 = {3, 6 , 9, 12, 15, 18, 5, 10, 20}.

P(E) = n(E) = 9 .
n(S) 20

Discussion:
106 comments Page 2 of 11.

Kavya said:   4 years ago
@Uday,

15 is repeated.
And 5 is missing.
Anyway, the answer is correct.
(5)

Kousalya said:   4 years ago
Yes, I too agree 1/2 is the right answer.

Uday said:   5 years ago
(3, 6,9,12,15,18,5,10,15,20).
= 10/20,
= 1/2.
(1)

Shivu said:   5 years ago
Ans is 9/20 because;

Multiple of 3 (3 6 9 12 15 18)=possiblity 6 so 6/20,
Multiple of 5 (5 10 15 20)=possibility 4 so 4/20,
15 is both sides so eliminate, so -1/20.
6/20+4/20-1/20 = 9/20.
(4)

Anitha said:   5 years ago
@Shraddha.

5 is also considered so that we get probability 9/20. If 5 is not considered we can't get 9/20.
(2)

Shraddha said:   6 years ago
But why is the number 5 not considered? 5 is a multiple of 5!

Lalitha said:   6 years ago
If the ticket numbers are taken from 1 2 3 ..... 100 what's the probability of getting the probability of card which multiple by 3 or 5. Can anyone solve this?

Ramesh said:   6 years ago
Multiples of 3 = 3,6,9,12,15,18 ----> event A.
Multiples of 5 = 5,10,15,20 ------> event B.

Both are having 15 as common so these are dependent events.
P(A)= 6/20.
P(B)= 4/20.
P(AUB)= P(A)+P(B)-P(A intersection B).
= P(A)+P(B)-P(A)*P(B/A),
= 6/20 + 4/20 - {(6/20)*(1/6)}.
= 9/20.

Tushar said:   6 years ago
Among the 20 numbers multiples of 3=20/3 which is 6. And similarly, multiples of 5 are=20/5 which are 4. Now total multiples are 10. Now among these 10 multiples, we have one common multiple that is 15.

Now remaining multiples=total multiples -common multiple.
=10-1.
=9.

Now required prob =9/20.

Sri said:   6 years ago
@All.

Hi, Why don't we get 15?

It is a multiple of 5.
So P(E)={3,6,9,12,15,18,5,10,15,20}. So these are the multiples of 3 and 5. Total is 10. So P(E)/P(S) = 10/20 .That is 1/2.


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