Aptitude - Boats and Streams - Discussion

Discussion Forum : Boats and Streams - General Questions (Q.No. 14)
14.
A man takes twice as long to row a distance against the stream as to row the same distance in favour of the stream. The ratio of the speed of the boat (in still water) and the stream is:
2 : 1
3 : 1
3 : 2
4 : 3
Answer: Option
Explanation:

Let man's rate upstream be x kmph.

Then, his rate downstream = 2x kmph.

(Speed in still water) : (Speed of stream) = 2x + x : 2x - x
2 2

   = 3x : x
2 2

   = 3 : 1.

Discussion:
30 comments Page 1 of 3.

Jamshaid said:   2 years ago
Here, the shortest way is
2(A-B) = A+B.
A/B = 3/1.
(3)

Aruna said:   3 years ago
There is a formula.

B/S = (T1 + T2) / (T1 ~ T2).
Here,

* B is the speed of boat in still water.
* S is the speed of stream/current/river.
* T1 is the time taken in upstream/ downstream.
* T2 is the time taken in downstream/ upstream.

Given:

Twice as long to row ' against' the stream (is. Upstream) as to row same distance in 'favor' of the stream(ie. downstream).

Solution:

Upstream : downstream
Time: 2 : 1 ( T1 = 2 *T2 )
So, T1 = 2 and T2 = 1.

Apply in the formula,
B/S = (2+1)/(2-1) = 3/1.
B:S = 3:1.

Mani said:   3 years ago
Hi, but in this question upstream is same as downstream then for both it would be twice then how you could say upstream is x downstream is 2x?
(1)

Fathima Sulfikkar said:   4 years ago
Distance is same.

D (up)=D (down); also t (u)= 2t (d)

Speed of boat=b: speed of current = s.
D (u) = D (d).
t (u)(b-s) = t (v)(b+s).
2t (v)(b-s) = t (v)(b+s).
2b-2s = b+s.
2b-b = s+2s.
b = 3s.
b/s = 3/1.
(2)

Swetha reddy said:   4 years ago
How the speed of the boat in still water is (2x+x) /2?

Ragi k r said:   5 years ago
The speed of boat= B, speed of river= R.
upstream=x=B-R -----> (1)
downstream=2x=B+R -----> (2)
So, (1)+(2).

2B=3x
B=x(3/2)
B+R=2x.

=>R=2x-B =>R=2x-(3/2)x =>R=x/2.
B:R=3/2 : 1/2 = 3:1.

Shalinee said:   6 years ago
Here we use this formula and simply find the ratio.
Sb/Ss =n+1/n-1 then,
Sb/Ss = 2+1/2-1,
Sb/Ss =3/1 so.

Then we will get,
Sb:Ss = 3:1.
(1)

Manoj said:   6 years ago
The distance is same so,
D/t = x.
where x is the speed of the boat in downstream.
D/t = 2x in upstream case.

Sajith said:   6 years ago
Let d= distance and x = time.
Speed in still water = 1/2(speed in down stream + speed in up stream).
= 1/2 (d/x + d/2x) => eqn 1.
Rate of stream = 1/2( speed in down stream - speed in up stream).
= 1/2(d/x - d/2x) => eqn 2;
We need eqn 1 : eqn 2.

On simplification, we will get 3:1.

Vishi said:   6 years ago
Boat speed(B) +stream speed (S).

B+S = x
B-S = 2x
BY adding
2B = 3x
B= 1.5 x
By substracting
2S = -x
S= -.5 on neglecting - sign .5x
Ration becomes .5 : 1.5
Which is 1:3 also
Stream speed : boat speed.


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