Verbal Reasoning - Data Sufficiency

Exercise :: Data Sufficiency - Section 2

In each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and

Give answer

  • (A) If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question
  • (B) If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question
  • (C) If the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question
  • (D) If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and
  • (E) If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

21. 

Question: How many gift boxes were sold on Monday ?

Statements:

  1. It was 10% more than the boxes sold on the earlier day i.e. Sunday.
  2. Every third visitor to the shop purchased the box and 1500 visitors were there on Sunday

A. I alone is sufficient while II alone is not sufficient
B. II alone is sufficient while I alone is not sufficient
C. Either I or II is sufficient
D. Neither I nor II is sufficient
E. Both I and II are sufficient

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

From II, we can conclude that (1500 * 3) = 500 boxes were sold on Sunday.

Thus, from I, we find that number of boxes sold on Monday = 500 + 10% of 500 = 550.


22. 

Question: In a certain code language, '297' means 'tie clip button'. Which number means 'button' in that language ?

Statements:

  1. In that language, '926' means clip your tie'.
  2. In that language, '175' means 'hole and button'.

A. I alone is sufficient while II alone is not sufficient
B. II alone is sufficient while I alone is not sufficient
C. Either I or II is sufficient
D. Neither I nor II is sufficient
E. Both I and II are sufficient

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

In given statement and I, the common words are 'tie' and 'clip' and the common codes are '2' and '9'. So, '2' and '9' are the codes for 'tie' and 'clip'. Thus, in the given statement, '7' means 'button'. In given statement and II, the common code word '7' represents the common word 'button'.


23. 

Question: What is Sumit's position from the right end in a row of children?

Statements:

  1. There are 10 children between Sumit and Rajan.
  2. Rajan is twentieth from the left end of the row of children.

A. I alone is sufficient while II alone is not sufficient
B. II alone is sufficient while I alone is not sufficient
C. Either I or II is sufficient
D. Neither I nor II is sufficient
E. Both I and II are sufficient

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Clearly, neither the number of children in the row is given nor the position of Sumit relative to Rajan is mentioned in any one of I or II.


24. 

Question: In a certain code, 'nop al ed' means They like flowers'. Which code word means 'flowers' ?

Statements:

  1. 'id nim nop' means 'They are innocent'.
  2. 'gob ots al' means 'We like roses'.

A. I alone is sufficient while II alone is not sufficient
B. II alone is sufficient while I alone is not sufficient
C. Either I or II is sufficient
D. Neither I nor II is sufficient
E. Both I and II are sufficient

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

In the given statement and I, the common word is 'They' and the common code word is 'nop'. So, 'nop' is the code for 'They'.

In the given statement and II, the common word is 'like' and the common code word is 'al'. So, 'al' is the code for 'like'.

Thus, in the given statement, 'ed' is the code for 'flowers'.


25. 

Question: What is the code for 'mangoes' in the code language ?

Statements:

  1. In that code language, 'Te Le Pa Na' means 'You eat many mangoes' and 'Le Na Da' means 'You sell mangoes'.
  2. In the code language, 'Ge Na Se La Le' means 'They eat bananas and mangoes' and 'Ne De Le La' means 'Who others eat bananas'.

A. I alone is sufficient while II alone is not sufficient
B. II alone is sufficient while I alone is not sufficient
C. Either I or II is sufficient
D. Neither I nor II is sufficient
E. Both I and II are sufficient

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

In 'You eat many mangoes' and 'Who others eat bananas', the common word is 'eat' and the common code word is 'Le'. So, 'Le' means 'eat'.

In 'You eat many mangoes' and 'They eat bananas and mangoes', the common code word 'Le' stands for 'eat'. So, the other common code word 'Na' stands for the other common word i.e. 'mangoes'.