# Verbal Reasoning - Analogy

Exercise : Analogy - Introduction
Directions to Solve
In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

Introduction:

Analogy means similarity. In this type of questions, two objects related in some way are given and third object is also given with four or five alternatives. You have to find out which one of the alternatives bears the same relation with the third objects as first and second objects are related.

Example 1:

Curd : Milk :: Shoe : ?

(A) Leather      (B) Cloth

(C) Jute           (D) Silver

As curd is made from milk similarly shoe is made from leather.

Example 2:

Calf : Piglet :: Shed : ?

(A) Prison      (B) Nest

(C) Pigsty      (D) Den

Calf is young one of the cow and piglet is the young of Pig. Shed is the dwelling place of cow. Similarly Pigsty is the dwelling place of pig.

Example 3:

Malaria : Mosquito :: ? : ?

(A) Poison : Death      (B) Cholera : Water

(C) Rat : Plague          (D) Medicine : Disease

As malaria is caused due to mosquito similarly cholera is cause due to water.

Example 4:

ABC : ZYX :: CBA : ?

(A) XYZ      (B) BCA

(C) YZX      (D) ZXY

CBA is the reverse of ABC similarly XYZ is the reverse of ZYX.

Example 5:

4 : 18 :: 6 : ?

(A) 32      (B) 38

(C) 11      (D) 37

As, (4)2 + 2 =18

Similarly, (6)2 + 2 = 38.