Verbal Reasoning - Analogy

Introduction:

Analogy means similarity. In this type of questions, two objects related in some way are given and third object is also given with four or five alternatives. You have to find out which one of the alternatives bears the same relation with the third objects as first and second objects are related.

Example 1:

Curd : Milk :: Shoe : ?

(A) Leather      (B) Cloth

(C) Jute           (D) Silver

Answer: Option A

As curd is made from milk similarly shoe is made from leather.


Example 2:

Calf : Piglet :: Shed : ?

(A) Prison      (B) Nest

(C) Pigsty      (D) Den

Answer: Option C

Calf is young one of the cow and piglet is the young of Pig. Shed is the dwelling place of cow. Similarly Pigsty is the dwelling place of pig.


Example 3:

Malaria : Mosquito :: ? : ?

(A) Poison : Death      (B) Cholera : Water

(C) Rat : Plague          (D) Medicine : Disease

Answer: Option B

As malaria is caused due to mosquito similarly cholera is cause due to water.


Example 4:

ABC : ZYX :: CBA : ?

(A) XYZ      (B) BCA

(C) YZX      (D) ZXY

Answer: Option A

CBA is the reverse of ABC similarly XYZ is the reverse of ZYX.


Example 5:

4 : 18 :: 6 : ?

(A) 32      (B) 38

(C) 11      (D) 37

Answer: Option B

As, (4)2 + 2 =18

Similarly, (6)2 + 2 = 38.