Aptitude - Permutation and Combination

Exercise :: Permutation and Combination - General Questions

6. 

In a group of 6 boys and 4 girls, four children are to be selected. In how many different ways can they be selected such that at least one boy should be there?

A. 159
B. 194
C. 205
D. 209
E. None of these

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

We may have (1 boy and 3 girls) or (2 boys and 2 girls) or (3 boys and 1 girl) or (4 boys).

Required number
of ways
= (6C1 x 4C3) + (6C2 x 4C2) + (6C3 x 4C1) + (6C4)
= (6C1 x 4C1) + (6C2 x 4C2) + (6C3 x 4C1) + (6C2)
= (6 x 4) + 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 + 6 x 5 x 4 x 4 + 6 x 5
2 x 1 2 x 1 3 x 2 x 1 2 x 1
= (24 + 90 + 80 + 15)
= 209.


7. 

How many 3-digit numbers can be formed from the digits 2, 3, 5, 6, 7 and 9, which are divisible by 5 and none of the digits is repeated?

A. 5
B. 10
C. 15
D. 20

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Since each desired number is divisible by 5, so we must have 5 at the unit place. So, there is 1 way of doing it.

The tens place can now be filled by any of the remaining 5 digits (2, 3, 6, 7, 9). So, there are 5 ways of filling the tens place.

The hundreds place can now be filled by any of the remaining 4 digits. So, there are 4 ways of filling it.

Required number of numbers = (1 x 5 x 4) = 20.


8. 

In how many ways a committee, consisting of 5 men and 6 women can be formed from 8 men and 10 women?

A. 266
B. 5040
C. 11760
D. 86400
E. None of these

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Required number of ways = (8C5 x 10C6)
= (8C3 x 10C4)
= 8 x 7 x 6 x 10 x 9 x 8 x 7
3 x 2 x 1 4 x 3 x 2 x 1
= 11760.

9. 

A box contains 2 white balls, 3 black balls and 4 red balls. In how many ways can 3 balls be drawn from the box, if at least one black ball is to be included in the draw?

A. 32
B. 48
C. 64
D. 96
E. None of these

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

We may have(1 black and 2 non-black) or (2 black and 1 non-black) or (3 black).

Required number of ways = (3C1 x 6C2) + (3C2 x 6C1) + (3C3)
= 3 x 6 x 5 + 3 x 2 x 6 + 1
2 x 1 2 x 1
= (45 + 18 + 1)
= 64.


10. 

In how many different ways can the letters of the word 'DETAIL' be arranged in such a way that the vowels occupy only the odd positions?

A. 32
B. 48
C. 36
D. 60
E. 120

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

There are 6 letters in the given word, out of which there are 3 vowels and 3 consonants.

Let us mark these positions as under:

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)

Now, 3 vowels can be placed at any of the three places out 4, marked 1, 3, 5.

Number of ways of arranging the vowels = 3P3 = 3! = 6.

Also, the 3 consonants can be arranged at the remaining 3 positions.

Number of ways of these arrangements = 3P3 = 3! = 6.

Total number of ways = (6 x 6) = 36.