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Verbal Reasoning - Syllogism

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Overview

Exercise

"Time and tide wait for none."
- Alexander Pope

In each of the following questions two statements are given and these statements are followed by two conclusions numbered (1) and (2). You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only (1) conclusion follows
  • (B) If sonly (2) conclusion follows
  • (C) If either (1) or (2) follows
  • (D) If neither (1) nor (2) follows and
  • (E) If both (1) and (2) follow.

1. 

Statements: Some actors are singers. All the singers are dancers.

Conclusions:

  1. Some actors are dancers.
  2. No singer is actor.

A. Only (1) conclusion follows
B. Only (2) conclusion follows
C. Either (1) or (2) follows
D. Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E. Both (1) and (2) follow

2. 

Statements: All the harmoniums are instruments. All the instruments are flutes.

Conclusions:

  1. All the flutes are instruments.
  2. All the harmoniums are flutes.

A. Only (1) conclusion follows
B. Only (2) conclusion follows
C. Either (1) or (2) follows
D. Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E. Both (1) and (2) follow

3. 

Statements: Some mangoes are yellow. Some tixo are mangoes.

Conclusions:

  1. Some mangoes are green.
  2. Tixo is a yellow.

A. Only (1) conclusion follows
B. Only (2) conclusion follows
C. Either (1) or (2) follows
D. Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E. Both (1) and (2) follow

4. 

Statements: Some ants are parrots. All the parrots are apples.

Conclusions:

  1. All the apples are parrots.
  2. Some ants are apples.

A. Only (1) conclusion follows
B. Only (2) conclusion follows
C. Either (1) or (2) follows
D. Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E. Both (1) and (2) follow

5. 

Statements: Some papers are pens. All the pencils are pens.

Conclusions:

  1. Some pens are pencils.
  2. Some pens are papers.

A. Only (1) conclusion follows
B. Only (2) conclusion follows
C. Either (1) or (2) follows
D. Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E. Both (1) and (2) follow




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