Non Verbal Reasoning - Analogy

Exercise :: Analogy - Section 1

Each of the following questions consists of two sets of figures. Figures A, B, C and D constitute the Problem Set while figures 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 constitute the Answer Set. There is a definite relationship between figures A and B. Establish a similar relationship between figures C and D by selecting a suitable figure from the Answer Set that would replace the question mark (?) in fig. (D).

41. 

Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).

Problem Figures:                            Answer Figures:
    (A)     (B)      (C)     (D)                  (1)      (2)      (3)      (4)      (5)

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The half-arrow rotates 90oACW and gets laterally inverted and moves to the adjacent side of the square boundary in a CW direction. The bent pin rotates 90oACW and moves to the adjacent side of the square boundary in a CW direction.

42. 

Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).

Problem Figures:                            Answer Figures:
    (A)     (B)      (C)     (D)                  (1)      (2)      (3)      (4)      (5)

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The inner element gets enlarged, rotates 45oCW and becomes the outer element. The outer element reduces in size, gets vertically inverted and becomes the inner element.

43. 

Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).

Problem Figures:                            Answer Figures:
    (A)     (B)      (C)     (D)                  (1)      (2)      (3)      (4)      (5)

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The two elements interchange positions; the element that reaches the LHS position gets vertically inverted and the element that reaches the RHS position, rotates 90oACW.

44. 

Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).

Problem Figures:                            Answer Figures:
    (A)     (B)      (C)     (D)                  (1)      (2)      (3)      (4)      (5)

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The figure rotates 90oCW and gets laterally inverted.

45. 

Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).

Problem Figures:                            Answer Figures:
    (A)     (B)      (C)     (D)                  (1)      (2)      (3)      (4)      (5)

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The existing line segments that join the corners of the squares move to the adjacent corners in an ACW direction and one more line segment appears in the next corner at the ACW-end. The shading inside the innermost square changes from dots to slanting lines.