Non Verbal Reasoning - Analogy

Exercise :: Analogy - Section 1

Each of the following questions consists of two sets of figures. Figures A, B, C and D constitute the Problem Set while figures 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 constitute the Answer Set. There is a definite relationship between figures A and B. Establish a similar relationship between figures C and D by selecting a suitable figure from the Answer Set that would replace the question mark (?) in fig. (D).

36. 

Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).

Problem Figures:                            Answer Figures:
    (A)     (B)      (C)     (D)                  (1)      (2)      (3)      (4)      (5)

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

One of the arrowheads moves from the lower part to the upper part of the figure above the circle and gets vertically inverted.

37. 

Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).

Problem Figures:                            Answer Figures:
    (A)     (B)      (C)     (D)                  (1)      (2)      (3)      (4)      (5)

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The figure rotates through 180o.

38. 

Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).

Problem Figures:                            Answer Figures:
    (A)     (B)      (C)     (D)                  (1)      (2)      (3)      (4)      (5)

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The lower element gets enlarged and becomes the outermost element; the upper element gets slightly enlarged and becomes the middle element and a new element with one more number of sides than the lower element appears as the innermost element.

39. 

Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).

Problem Figures:                            Answer Figures:
    (A)     (B)      (C)     (D)                  (1)      (2)      (3)      (4)      (5)

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The LHS element becomes a closed figure by combining with three similar elements. The RHS element gets reduced in size, turns black and moves to the centre of the other figure.

40. 

Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).

Problem Figures:                            Answer Figures:
    (A)     (B)      (C)     (D)                  (1)      (2)      (3)      (4)      (5)

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

In the upper and the lower elements, the white part turns black and the black turns white. In the central arrow, one of the arrowheads from the LHS gets laterally inverted and moves to the RHS.