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# Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

### Exercise

"Example is better than precept."
- (Proverb)

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

• (A) If only assumption I is implicit
• (B) If only assumption II is implicit
• (C) If either I or II is implicit
• (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
• (E) If both I and II are implicit.

1.

Statement: Sachin's mother instructed him to return home by train if it rains heavily.

Assumptions:

1. Sachin may not be able to decide himself if it rains heavily.
2. The trains may ply even if it rains heavily.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit

2.

Statement: "Please put more people on the job to make up for the delay."

Assumptions:

1. Delay is inevitable in most jobs.
2. Output will increase with more number of people on the job.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit

3.

Statement: In spite of less than normal rainfall in the catchment areas during the first two months of monsoon of the lakes supplying water to the city the authority has not yet affected any cut in the water supply to the city.

Assumptions:

1. The rainfall during the remaining part of the monsoon may be adequate for normal water supply.
2. The present water level of the lakes supplying water to the city may be adequate for normal supply.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit

4.

Statement: If you are an engineer, we have a challenging job for you.

Assumptions:

1. We need an engineer.
2. You are an engineer.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit

5.

Statement: In spite of poor services, the commutators have not complained against it.

Assumptions:

1. Generally people do not tolerate poor services.
2. Complaints sometimes improve services.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit