# Logical Reasoning - Statement and Argument

### Exercise :: Statement and Argument - Section 1

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

• (A) If only argument I is strong
• (B) If only argument II is strong
• (C) If either I or II is strong
• (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
• (E) If both I and II are strong.

41.

Statement: Should religion be banned?

Arguments:

1. Yes. It develops fanaticism in people.
2. No, Religion binds people together.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

Explanation:

Religion binds people together through the name of God and human values. But at the same time it may create differences and ill-will among people. So, either of the arguments holds strong.

42.

Statement: Should India become a permanent member of UN's Security Council?

Arguments:

1. Yes. India has emerged as a country which loves peace and amity.
2. No. Let us first solve problems of our own people like poverty, malnutrition.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

Explanation:

A peace-loving nation like India can well join an international forum which seeks to bring different nations on friendly terms with each other. So, argument I holds strong. Argument II highlights a different aspect. The internal problems of a nation should not debar it from strengthening international ties. So, argument II is vague.

43.

Statement: Should fashionable dresses be banned?

Arguments:

1. Yes. Fashions keep changing and hence consumption of cloth increases.
2. No. Fashionable clothes are a person's self expression and therefore his/her fundamental right.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

Explanation:

Clearly, imposing ban on fashionable dresses will be a restriction on the personal choice and hence the right to freedom of an individual. So, only argument II is strong.

44.

Statement: Should an organization like UNO be dissolved?

Arguments:

1. Yes. With cold war coming to an end, such organizations have no role to play
2. No, In the absence of such organizations there may be a world war.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

Explanation:

An organization like UNO is meant to maintain peace all over and will always serve to prevent conflicts between countries. So, its role never ends. So, argument I does not hold. Also, lack of such an organization may in future lead to increased mutual conflicts and international wars, on account of lack of a common platform for mutual discussions. So, argument II holds.

45.

Statement: Should there be no place of interview in selection?

Arguments:

1. Yes, it is very subjective in assessment.
2. No. It is the only instrument to judge candidates' motives and personality.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

Explanation:

Clearly, besides interview, there can be other modes of written examination to judge candidates' motives. So argument II is not strong enough. However, the interview is a subjective assessment without doubt. So, argument I holds.