# Logical Reasoning - Statement and Argument

### Exercise

"Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity; and I'm not sure about the universe."
- Albert Einstein

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

• (A) If only argument I is strong
• (B) If only argument II is strong
• (C) If either I or II is strong
• (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
• (E) If both I and II are strong.

26.

Statement: Should adult education programme be given priority over compulsory education programme?

Arguments:

1. No. It will also help in success of compulsory education programme.
2. Yes. It will help to eliminate the adult illiteracy.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

27.

Statement: Should new universities be established in India?

Arguments:

1. No. We have still not achieved the target for literacy.
2. No. We will have to face the problem of unemployed but highly qualified people.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

28.

Statement: Should non-vegetarian food be totally banned in our country?

Arguments:

1. Yes. It is expensive and therefore it is beyond the means of most people in our country.
2. No. Nothing should be banned in a democratic country like ours.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

29.

Statement: Should a total ban be put on trapping wild animals?

Arguments:

1. Yes. Trappers are making a lot of money;
2. No. Bans on hunting and trapping are not effective.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

30.

Statement: Should Government close down loss-making public sector enterprises?

Arguments:

1. No. All employees will lose their jobs, security and earning, what would they do?
2. Yes. In a competitive world the rule is 'survival of the fittest'.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong