# Logical Reasoning - Statement and Argument

### Exercise :: Statement and Argument - Section 1

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

• (A) If only argument I is strong
• (B) If only argument II is strong
• (C) If either I or II is strong
• (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
• (E) If both I and II are strong.

16.

Statement: Should colleges be given the status of a university in India?

Arguments:

1. Yes. Colleges are in a better position to assess the student's performance and therefore the degrees will be more valid.
2. No. It is Utopian to think that there will not be nepotism and corruption in awarding degrees by colleges.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

Explanation:

Clearly, at the college level, all the students are assessed according to their performance in the University Exams and not on the basis of any criteria of a more intimate dealings with the students. So, argument I is vague. Also, at this level the awarding of degrees is impartial and simply based on his performance. So, argument II also does not hold.

17.

Statement: Should the prestigious people who have committed crime unknowingly, be met with special treatment?

Arguments:

1. Yes. The prestigious people do not commit crime intentionally.
2. No. It is our policy that everybody is equal before the law.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

Explanation:

The Constitution of India has laid down the doctrine of 'equality before the law'. So, argument II holds strong. Also, we cannot judge the intentions of a person behind committing a crime, So, argument I is vague.

18.

Statement: Can pollution be controlled?

Arguments:

1. Yes. If everyone realizes the hazards it may create and cooperates to get rid of it, pollution may be controlled.
2. No. The crowded highways, factories and industries and an ever-growing population eager to acquire more and more land for constructing houses are beyond control.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

Explanation:

The control of pollution, on one hand, seems to be impossible because of the ever-growing needs and the disconcern of the people but, on the other hand, the control is possible by a joint effort. So, either of the arguments will hold strong.

19.

Statement: Should the railways in India be privatized in a phased manner like other public sector enterprises?

Arguments:

1. Yes. This is the only way to bring in competitiveness and provide better services to the public.
2. No. This will pose a threat to the national security of our country as multinationals will enter into the fray.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

Explanation:

Privatization would no doubt lead to better services. But saying that this is the 'only way' is wrong. So, argument I does not hold. Argument II also seems to be vague.

20.

Statement: Should internal assessment in colleges be abolished?

Arguments:

1. Yes. This will help in reducing the possibility of favouritism.
2. No, teaching faculty will lose control over students.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong