Logical Reasoning - Analogies

Choose the pair that best represents a similar relationship to the one expressed in the original pair of words.
16. 

AERIE : EAGLE

A. capital : government
B. bridge : architect
C. unit : apartment
D. kennel : veterinarian
E. house : person

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

An aerie is where an eagle lives; a house is where a person lives.

17. 

PROFESSOR : ERUDITE

A. aviator : licensed
B. inventor : imaginative
C. procrastinator : conscientious
D. overseer : wealthy
E. moderator : vicious

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Being erudite is a trait of a professor; being imaginative is a trait of an inventor.

18. 

DELTOID : MUSCLE

A. radius : bone
B. brain : nerve
C. tissue : organ
D. blood : vein
E. scalpel : incision

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The deltoid is a muscle; the radius is a bone.

19. 

JAUNDICE : LIVER

A. rash : skin
B. dialysis : kidney
C. smog : lung
D. valentine : heart
E. imagination : brain

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Jaundice is an indication of a liver problem; rash is an indication of a skin problem.

20. 

CONVICTION : INCARCERATION

A. reduction : diminution
B. induction : amelioration
C. radicalization : estimation
D. marginalization : intimidation
E. proliferation : alliteration

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

A conviction results in incarceration; a reduction results in diminution.