Logical Reasoning - Analogies

Every one of the following questions consists of a related pair of words, followed by five pairs of words. Choose the pair that best represents a similar relationship to the one expressed in the original pair of words.
1. 

BINDING : BOOK

A. criminal : gang
B. display : museum
C. artist : carpenter
D. nail : hammer
E. frame : picture

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

A binding surrounds a book; a frame surrounds a picture.

2. 

EXPLORE : DISCOVER

A. read : skim
B. research : learn
C. write : print
D. think : relate
E. sleep : wake

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

One explores to discover; one researches to learn.

3. 

SIAMESE : CAT

A. type : breed
B. dog : puppy
C. mark : spot
D. romaine : lettuce
E. collar : leash

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Siamese is a kind of cat; romaine is a kind of lettuce.

4. 

FINCH : BIRD

A. frog :toad
B. elephant : reptile
C. Dalmatian : dog
D. collie : marsupial
E. ant : ladybug

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

A finch is a type of bird; a Dalmatian is a type of dog.

5. 

PETAL : FLOWER

A. salt : pepper
B. tire : bicycle
C. base : ball
D. sandals : shoes
E. puppy : dog

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

A petal is a part of a flower; a tire is a part of a bicycle.