Is Management an Art or a Science?


Group Discussion

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Danny Wagon said: (Dec 5, 2016)  
Management is "the art of getting things done through people". This definition throws light on the fact that managers achieve organizational goals by.

Enabling others to perform rather than performing the tasks themselves. On the other hand, management is a science in the sense it is a body of knowledge developed.

In a systematic approach as a transformation process where input and output system exist.

This is a result of observation, measurement and study over time.

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Arshdeep said: (Dec 2, 2016)  
In my views, management is both science and art. Science gives us knowledgeable principles and art gives us skill to apply it.

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Mekdii said: (Nov 30, 2016)  
Management is both art & science because it is a process of getting things done by integrating people & their knowledge.

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Ayivor Derrick Fortune said: (Oct 22, 2016)  
In my view, that management is an art as well as a science because both are complimentary and mutually supportive. It is a science because it has an organized body of knowledge which contains certain universal truth. It is also an art because it requires certain skills which are the personal qualities possessed the manager.

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Nur Afini Nazeri said: (Oct 9, 2016)  
For me, management is both science and arts.

The good management is a balance of both science and art. Science establishes general principles that guide organizations, while the art of human skill puts those principles to their best use.

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Chernor Saal said: (Oct 4, 2016)  
Hi, friends, I believe that management is an art because it is the process of getting things done efficiently and effectively by integrating the work of other people. A Manager must be skillful in order to managed resources of an organization to achieve goals and objectives.

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Konadu Asare Ernest said: (Oct 4, 2016)  
I think management is both an art and science!

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John Bless said: (Sep 28, 2016)  
Management is both science and art. It is science because management involved knowledge. We all know that knowledge is obtained from science. It is art because management is applying.

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Ashish Yadav said: (Sep 28, 2016)  
According to me, management cannot be said as complete science but it is a complete art because management includes human resources and therefore management cannot be said as complete science but it is a complete art because it has a systematized body of knowledge and it requires special skill, creativity, and practice to get perfection.

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Muhammed Naseem said: (Sep 27, 2016)  
====Management as an Art
#It is creative
#it is a personalized process

===Management as an science
#it involves study of human behavior
#they are taught in the classroom

===Management as an Profession
#Formal training
#Code of condact
#Social responsibility

====Thank You====

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Harshit Gupta said: (Sep 23, 2016)  
According to me science is a systimatised body of knowledge that explains certain general truths.

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Meya Gul said: (Sep 19, 2016)  
Management science of art.

Science -> Science is the systematized body of knowledge where things, phenomena are to study our through people observation to make theories principles.

Art -> Art is a practical approach or application of the body of knowledge.

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Shivaprakash. M Kalbo said: (Sep 3, 2016)  
Management is an art of getting things done through others. This knows how requires creative power and skill in the performance.

Management is called an art due to the following reasons.

- Management involves creativity.
- Management personnel has skill in performance.

It is a science.

- It explains about truth cause and effect relationship.
- It has the following features.
- It is a systematized by of knowledge.
- It uses scientific methods to observe.
- The principles drawn are universally applicable to the similar situation.

That's why the management is both an art or a science.

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Soni Kumari said: (Sep 1, 2016)  
In my point of view, management is art as well as science, because of brain trance the art and science are time management. What is management? management is multipurpose origin how to manage the business, manager, and worker. In other words, we can say that it is the collection of people which make a plan to focus the goal. So clearly management is art as well as science.

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Dhananjay Pandey said: (Aug 24, 2016)  
I think that management in a broad term is both art as well as science. Nowadays technology also dominate in all field as management key so we have to familiar with new science improvements. Only art of dealing with clients and manage employees, not management. We have to take a smart way.

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Priyaz Aajith said: (Aug 23, 2016)  
Hi,

This is Priyaz Aajith.

Management is both art as well as science.

Management is the art of getting things done through the people.

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Mary Mpangala said: (Aug 17, 2016)  
Management is an art as well as science. The scientific nature of management became popular in the 20th century were some of the management decision called for study or further scientific experimentation. It is an art because no matter how much scientific knowledge the manager has he/she sometimes has to use intuition and experience to make a decision or lead the organization.

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Tejaswini said: (Aug 10, 2016)  
Management is both science as well as arts because science is systematised body of knowledge whereas art is systematised application of knowledge. We all know that to succeeding management must acquire the knowledge of science & the art of applying it.

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Nikita said: (Jul 29, 2016)  
Science and Art is coherence in Management.

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Oxygented Aroma said: (Jul 18, 2016)  
Management is sceince because it uses sceintific processs and approach in solving everyday problem. Unlike the chemistry and physics which is being held in the laboratory, managements studies human behaviour that as a social sceince and as an arts it deals with how individual does his or her own thing in hiss or her manner he or she want is different from others.

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Uche Mmadu said: (Jul 17, 2016)  
With my own point view, I will say that management is an art as well as science because it is behavioral science while art is the use of personal skills and techniques.

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Vijay M said: (Jun 28, 2016)  
Management is both an art and a science. The above-mentioned points clearly reveal that management combines features of both sciences as well as art. It is considered as a science because it has an organized body of knowledge which contains certain universal truth. It is called an art because managing requires certain skills which are personal possessions of managers. Science provides the knowledge & art deals with the application of knowledge and skills.

A manager to be successful in his profession must acquire the knowledge of science & the art of applying it. Therefore management is a judicious blend of science as well as an art because it proves the principles and the way these principles are applied is a matter of art. Science teachers to 'know' and art teachers to 'do'.
E. G. A person cannot become a good singer unless he has knowledge about various ragas & he also applies his personal skill in the art of singing. Same way it is not sufficient for the manager to first know the principles but he must also apply them in solving various managerial problems that are why, science and art are not mutually exclusive but they are complementary to each other (like tea and biscuit, bread and butter etc.).

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Nihal said: (May 25, 2016)  
Hi, friends. My point of view, management has elements of art and it has the characteristics of science also profession.

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Muziza said: (May 17, 2016)  
Management is art and science both because a manager manages the organization by his own art. To use the scientific method.

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Ajit Singh said: (May 9, 2016)  
Management is both an art and science in my side. As a science, it seeks to know variables that affect performance and as an art, it uses the function of coordinating to determine the performance of workers.

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Dhivya Selvaraj said: (May 9, 2016)  
According to me, management is both an art and science. It is an art, because it is a very good skill to be learnt and an important subject to be studied by every individual.

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Mamun Raz said: (May 6, 2016)  
Hi, every one according to me management is a science because Management is systemized body of knowledge that explains certain general truths or the operation of general laws. It is based on cause and effect relationship based on principle.

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Sabina said: (Apr 18, 2016)  
Though I don't know much as an economist knows, I thought, Management is both an art and science because it uses certain principles as a science and it requires continuous practise to ensure the based possible results as an art.

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Emmanuel Menza said: (Apr 6, 2016)  
Guys,

Management is an art because art is the expression of feeling and emotion, therefore, management needs a person whose manage company and influence by feeling and emotions.

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Dhiru said: (Mar 2, 2016)  
Art means creative ability and innovativeness of a person so it is an art.

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Grace Danha said: (Feb 20, 2016)  
Management is an art because it really needs knowledge and skill whereas as a science it really needs an observation and experiments, therefore I regard management as an art.

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Samra said: (Jan 11, 2016)  
Because management has got two faces like a coin on one side it is an art and on other side it is science. Management has got scientific principles which constitute the elements of science and skills and talent which are attributes of art.

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Ayomide said: (Jan 5, 2016)  
Management is an art with a blend of science. In management, expression of human creativity are needed which is ART and combine observation and experimentation to describe and explain task, which is SCIENCE.

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Ahmad Rabiu Adam said: (Dec 21, 2015)  
Hi. Management is both science and art because it uses art on one side, and it simply applies science in other places.

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Sachin W said: (Dec 8, 2015)  
Hi,

I feel Management is a good combo of Art and Science; as part of Management one need to deal to Humans and every individual is so unique in him/herself that to manage them one need to be able to have an emotional cord with others and also need to be work within certain boundaries of process and procedures.

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Nikhil Deshmukh said: (Nov 28, 2015)  
Art is use of knowledge and skill and management is also use of knowledge and study. For example A person may be good at one situation and the same person may not succeed in different condition unless he acquire knowledge and skill for changed situation.

Science is branch of knowledge which states situation and establishes some principle and laws on basis of state of situation. These laws or rules are applicable at all circumstances like law of gravity.

Management is science because some principles in the management are determined on the basis of tests. These principles are applicable universally.

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Benson George said: (Oct 15, 2015)  
Management is both an art and a science because expert, skill or proficiency, which constitute an art, result from from knowledge and practice which is a product of science.

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Ndacyayisenga Theogene said: (Oct 9, 2015)  
Hello, I greet you in lord, management is both art and science because management teaches to do I mean art and it teaches to know I mean is science.

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Soumya said: (Sep 30, 2015)  
My view is management is the bombardment of both art and science. How skilfully we do the work is art and how properly we complete the work is science.

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Nwinanghi Kaanayira said: (Sep 5, 2015)  
Hi friends.

In my point of view, management is both art and science, because art requires knowledge, skills and creativity. And science uses theories, principles, mathematical modeling and statistical data.

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Gyang Emmanuel Solomon said: (Aug 17, 2015)  
Well I most said that its both art and science because it deal with utilizing resources and humans/as for art it management and encourage good managing processes like leading, staffing, controlling, coordinating, organizing as well as planning and for science its deals with certain actions which predicted that the organisation or firm most put to update systematic regulation of errors and managing.

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Pranjali Ghagre said: (Jul 14, 2015)  
I think management is art and science both. How smartly we manage any work is art and the knowledge required to do that work smartly is science.

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Achola Olando Vincent said: (May 22, 2015)  
In my opinion it is both a science as well as an art. Managing like any other discipline is an art because it has the ability to do things in the light of reality of the situation. Management work efficiently by using organized knowledge about management.

These knowledge constitutes a science. Management as a practice is therefore an art while the organized knowledge underline practice is a science.

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Mozo said: (May 4, 2015)  
Management is the oldest of arts and the youngest of sciences. This explains the changing nature of management.

As a science,

1. Management is a systematized body of knowledge and its principles have evolved on the basis of observation.

2. The kind of experimentation (as in natural sciences) cannot be accompanied in the area of management since management deals with the human element.

3. In management, it is not possible to define, analyse and measure phenomena by repeating the same conditions over and over again to obtain a proof.

As an Art, management has the following characteristics,

1. Management while performing the activities of getting things done by others is required to apply the knowledge of certain underlying principles which are necessary for every art.

2. Management gets perfection in the art of managing only through continuous practice.

3. Management implies capacity to apply accurately the knowledge to solve the problems, to face the situation and to realize the objectives fully and timely.

The science of management provides certain general principles which can guide the managers in their professional effort. The art of management consists in tackling every situation in an effective manner.

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Komr said: (Apr 24, 2015)  
Hi everyone!

In my opinion management is both science and art.

Science works on principles and which can be applied universally. As in management we follow the principles like ""one man, one boss" and this is applicable to all the organisations. These principles require observations and experimentation to obtain the certainty in science. Management also require observations and experimentation to get the satisfied work force.

Science establishes cause and effect relationship. Management principles also has a cause and effect relationship. For example good bonding between the employees with their boss at workplace results in good increased productivity and if they do not have good relationship with their boss it will result in bad performance and reduced productivity.

Now coming to management as art.

Every art requires practical knowledge therefore learning of theory is not sufficient. In management also a manager can not deal with difficult situations based on his theory knowledge he must have known how to apply the principles in that situation.

An artist must be creative to get the unique beautiful piece of art. Manager also need that creativity to get the best out of everything and which cam beat the other products in the market. He should always come up with new and creative ideas.

Personal skill is very important for every artist to make them different from others. They have their own way to create things. In management also you should have personal skill to manage the work in your style and make your organisation or business different from others and become the best eventually.

From above points it is clear that management is both the mixture of art and science.

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Lav said: (Mar 26, 2015)  
Management in an art and a know-how. It consists in doing things in light of a situation.

It is both science and art. Management knowledge, which comprises theories, principles, studies, is a science. Management practice is an art. They improve each other, they're complementary.

Management knowledge can result 'empty' and inexact, because summarizes generally situations studied in the past, giving the task to managers to fill the so many variables.

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Mobin said: (Feb 9, 2015)  
In my concern management is an art of getting things done through others. So it is both science and art because science have some knowledge of universal practicable and art have have some personal skill. So both characters shows in management.

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Greg said: (Feb 3, 2015)  
#Justus Muia Your interpretation of science is incorrect. Yes, management applies principles of statistics but it does not use biological methods for data collection. The statistical methods (data collection is part of this) used are tailored to those of social research - more in line with economics or sociology.

The difference between this type of application v.s.a science based statistical application is the emphasis on causality. In social research, establishing causality is extremely difficult as we often do not have the luxury of a well controlled experiment. Even when there is a well controlled experiment, humans act in inconsistent and irrational ways that make some research results difficult to replicate.

To account for these biases and variables, the statistical methods and treatment of data used is very different and often more complex than those used by science. You will see that many scientists formulate causality based on less than 10 sample observations whereas in social science, the number of sample used are often in excess of 1000 (provides more statistical power).

Furthermore, many universities have their department of statistics in the faculty of arts (along with mathematics) as this is a concept that is entirely man made. In many ways, it is like a language that is used to communicate information. Finally about management - this is an entirely man made concept. Managers often apply scientific methods (just like all Arts disciplines) but is studying human behaviour (or a collection of human behaviour -> company) so it is still considered an art.

Nowadays, neuro-scientists are attempting to bring "science" into management by looking into the brain and its neurotransmitters. However, much of the experiments are done in a laboratory setting and cannot be applied to someone in a normal social setting. This is why social science places less emphasis on the molecular level and more on the human level.

As to what differentiates between Science and Arts, it really is the what is being studied? 'Scientific methods' are applied to both disciplines but the specific methods vary because the challenges facing each are very different.

Fun fact: Philosophy is the highest level of academic thinking. Everything evolved from it including 'science' and the scientific methods. This is why regardless of which discipline you pursue, you end up with a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD).

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Justus Muia said: (Jan 23, 2015)  
Hai,

It is an art in the sense that he/she requires to handle it with the employees socially and a science because the manager has to apply some science fields like statistics and biology in terms of data collection and the application of knowledge.

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Zara said: (Jan 18, 2015)  
Management is the art of leading people in order to achieve goals with maximum efficiency. How can dealing with human-beings ever be scientific? The so called social sciences have great difficulty in establishing causal relationships in their field and their predictive power is usually not better than mere chance. To even call them sciences is already a stretch of the concept. If management is a science it falls in the category of the social sciences therefore not very useful due to a serious lack of experimentally derived data coupled with reliable, logically derived explanations.

IMO management is to the economy what generalship is to the army: an art form informed by the technical aspects of the respective activities. How to be successful in both depends more on innate abilities and experience than theoretical study and research.

Today the great majority of managers still adhere to the 'business as warfare' maximum therefore trying to establish as great a share of the market as possible, economics has already proven this is the wrong approach yet the business world keeps persisting in its folly. If management was even remotely scientific surely everyone would see reason and abandon proven defective business strategies?

I don't get the whole 'organised body of knowledge' argument: if this is all that is needed to call something science theology and almost anything that is studied is a science too, regardless of whether it actually explains anything or merely fantasizes about possibilities.

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Kaliful said: (Dec 28, 2014)  
Management as science relates when making observation of experimental as well as making monitoring evaluation and management as arts when deciding to choose suitable conceptual during decision making.

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Xcez said: (Dec 3, 2014)  
Management takes a dual process of both art and science, when PLANNING, he/she need some statistical data to enhance him/her project in to the future, procuring data has to do with science.

When COORDINATING his/her work force (employees) , he/she needs that human relation skills, to be able to achieve the planned goals and objectives, and this has to do with art.

Conducting a feasibility study or market research need science technique and the ability to implement and sustained this result, the management needs art techniques.

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Nagaraju said: (Nov 22, 2014)  
I think management has elements of both art and science. It may not be proper to term it as pure science or pure art. In fact, it is a science as well as an art because science and art are both complementary to each other. As cossa has said, "science requires art, art requires science, each being complementary to each other". It may be concluded that there is no hard and fast line between art and science of management.

The former(science) will have to solve problems and establish principles which might be applied with benefit to the latter(art). The present ratio is about 90% art and 10% science. Though a very great deal of developments are presently increasing that proportion which can properly be called science. I am willing to venture a guess that by the end of another generation the ratio will be 80% art and perhaps 20% science. ".

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Opis said: (Oct 28, 2014)  
Hi,

Management is a science as in. All the managerial knowledge and practices are developed through various observations and experiments which are researched and experiment based.

But, it is an art also because management performs non programmed and non routine work using creativity and innovations. And, according to Mary Parker "Management is an art of getting things done through others".

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Naginder Sood said: (Sep 25, 2014)  
Management is both an art and a science.

It is considered as a science because it has an organized body of knowledge which contains certain universal truth. It is called an art because managing requires certain skills which are personal possessions of managers.

Simply speaking, Science provides the knowledge & art deals with the application of knowledge and skills.

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Shubhangi said: (Aug 12, 2014)  
Hi all,

I think Management is an art as well as science also because, while doing the work in management field you are both types of thinking or process are used. We are used in emotionally, psychologically it is also art to handle the persons.

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Nisiya Shana Esath said: (Jul 24, 2014)  
Hai all,

In my opinion, management as both science and art.
Management regarded both science and art. Management is a science with a systematized body knowledge and universal application.
Management is an art it requires specific skill to be applied has the situation demands.
Management is the acquisition of knowledge and its skillful application for attainment of objectives.
Applied knowledge is more powerful and beneficial than simple knowledge.

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Aminur Rahman said: (May 27, 2014)  
I think management is the combination of science and arts. Management is science, because managers make decision from a observation, statistics etc. On the other hand, management is arts, because it is relying heavily on conceptual, communication, interpersonal, and time management skill.

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Manpei Wangsa said: (May 27, 2014)  
I should say that we should not ignore either science or art. According to me management is both science and an art. It is a science because it is the systematic body of knowledge and an art because it it involves putting of knowledge into practice.

Management is a soft science which consists of principles and theories proved out by experiments. For instance if every employees and employers work with full hearted then the business will turn out to be successful but in some case science may not work as humans are unpredictable. Science aims to give answers by predicting taking into account the work to be performed.

Management is also an art as it implies putting of knowledge into practice. Art aims to go on.

Continuing with the knowledge provided by science.

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Amit said: (Apr 26, 2014)  
Management is a combination of Science and art. Modern business management systems relies and depends on information or knowledge which is science and the success of the organisation in this highly competitive and complex nature of business requires handling of business operations with skills and foresight to avoid crisis which is an art.

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Priyanka said: (Apr 13, 2014)  
Management is both science as well as arts. Science is that is learnt and arts is something which can be practiced. Science is to know and arts is to do. Management a soft science because its principles are not very rigid. Art refers to the skill to put into action a systematized body of knowledge for the achievement of a given task.

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Saima said: (Apr 7, 2014)  
Hi all,

Really the theme of science is theoretical when art is practical. SO it is important to mix up science with art for management to think and learn about a basic thing before starting it practically.

That's why I appreciate the term-management is both a science as well as an art.

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Komal Sharma said: (Mar 31, 2014)  
Hi friends,

What I feel management is both art as well as a science. Now how? See. It is a science because just like science is systematised body of knowledge which explains various universal truths in which knowledge is acquired on the basis of complete observations and experiments. Similarly management is also a systematised body of knowledge as it has its own theory and principles which are developed by management experts after years of research.

On other hand, Management is also an art. Now you should first of all know what is an art? Art means applying your existing knowledge skillfully practically in real life. And management is also an art as in the form of best work technique, helps the managers to face every type of situation successfully.

It is, therefore, we say that management is an amalgam of science and an art.

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Surendra Khatri said: (Mar 30, 2014)  
Management is both science and art. Science because it uses figures, graphs and other statistical methods in order to solve organisational problems. Art because it uses skills, experiences, and attitudes, not hard and fast rules, to solve organisational goals.

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Amit said: (Mar 25, 2014)  
Management is an amalgam of science and art but this combination cannot be in equal proportion. Management is regarded as an applied science. As an applied scientist, a manager possesses the skill to use his knowledge into practice in the working of an org. Just as a doctor has to translate his knowledge into curing the patients.

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Sukhman said: (Mar 16, 2014)  
Management is not a fully flourished art instead its a growing one and its not a complete science as different people have different abilities and they cannot be tested in a lab.

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Felix Aniebiet Benjamin said: (Mar 4, 2014)  
Management is both an act and also science. Management over the centuries has remained an act. Management is an act because it depend on past experience and not on testable technical knowledge as the case may be in physics, chemistry etc.

Management is a science when it uses a systematic or scientific method to obtain a comprehensive information about a problem.

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J.M Kamau said: (Feb 2, 2014)  
Hello all. My view is that management is applicable in both situations. As an art, the manager can only supervise the employees in different capacity but as a science the manager has to practice the entire management skill by him/herself.

Therefore it fits in both cases. Thank you.

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Sir-Me Kazeeh said: (Jan 25, 2014)  
HI. Let take it to be both, as an art it provides the manager with the technical knowhow of how to manage ie, he/she applies art part of management to manage smoothly, on the other hand the science part provides the already tested or used techniques which can be of help, hence managers uses the science part to analyse the management skills which can be of good outcome, hence management qualify to be both an art and a science.

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Shalabh Saxena said: (Jan 15, 2014)  
Management is art and science both because whatever we plan, organize, direct, control over the different situations in the life.

Management tells us that how much efficiency can be achieved by doing a particular act.

It is also provide the capability of taking decision towards the goals of the life as well.

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Maina Fredrick Nawayo said: (Dec 7, 2013)  
Management is both an art and science in my side. As a science it seeks to know variables that affects performance and as an art it uses function of coordinating to determine performance of workers.

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Melat Terefe said: (Dec 4, 2013)  
With in my judgment Art & Science are the two sides of the Management coin. Like the actual sense is neither Science nor Art but requires both to be successful, that is it isn't really pure art because it uses scientific method, its more like the Art of Management begins where the Scientific Management stops.

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Deewan Love Kumar said: (Dec 1, 2013)  
Hi Everybody,

I think,

Management is both an art and a science. It is considered as a science because it has an organized body of knowledge which contains certain universal truth. It is called an art because managing requires certain skills which are personal possessions of managers. Science provides the knowledge & art deals with the application of knowledge and skills.

A manager to be successful in his profession must acquire the knowledge of science & the art of applying it. Therefore management is a well-judged combination of science as well as an art because it proves the principles and the way these principles are applied is a matter of art. Science teaches to 'know' and art teaches to 'do'.

EG. A person cannot become a good singer unless he has knowledge about various ragas & he also applies his personal skill in the art of singing. Same way it is not sufficient for manager to first know the principles but he must also apply them in solving various managerial problems that is why, science and art are not mutually exclusive but they are complementary to each other (like tea and biscuit, bread and butter etc. ). To conclude, we can say that science is the root and art is the fruit.

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Portia Amanor said: (Nov 22, 2013)  
Hi all,

In my view I would say management is both an art and a science.

Its an art because, one's skill in the management of a firm is been shown in his/her management of the business through the use of planning, controlling, directing and coordinating whiles is a science because its faster and easier since everything is now technologically accessed, one can be said to have a good management.

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Abdul Barr said: (Nov 2, 2013)  
Hi, in my opinion, the best response to the question is that it is both. Definition of art and science would be helpful in understanding this. Louis A. Allen defines an art as '' a skills exercised in terms the individual personality of the practitioner''. By this we can say that management has certain artistic components.

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Faysal Nuuraani said: (Oct 24, 2013)  
Hi guys, in my own opinion Management is the process of coordinating all resources through the five major functions (planning, organizing, staffing, directing/leading and controlling to achieve organization goals.

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Gata T. Solomon said: (Oct 15, 2013)  
Hi every one!

In my own opinion management could be referred to as both art, science and profession. Management can be referred to an art in the sense that many scholars defined management as an art of getting things done through people and other resources. The artistic process is generally seen as having three (3) vital aspects; craft, vision and communication. The process of management qualifies as an form in all instances. Managers must have the tools (craft) to accomplish their task. They must posses vision in order to implement innovative strategies, and they must be able to communicate effectively in their work environment and elsewhere.

On the other hand, science is looked upon as a systematic study that leads to a general body of knowledge about a subject. Management has been the target of systematic study for centuries and that general principles or concepts have been derived from this efforts. This is why many scholars classify management as a developing science.

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Amar Sawant said: (Aug 23, 2013)  
Guys its right management is both art and science. But the part of art is heavy because even if the person know the principles of management which is scientific part but he do not have the art to deal with such principles he can't manage a business. So art is very important.

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Rajendra Pandey said: (Aug 20, 2013)  
Hi every one.

I think management is both an art or a science because, its considered as a science because it has an organized body of knowledge which certain universal truth. Its called an art because managing require certain skills which are personal possession of managers.

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Okpohwo Raymond said: (Jul 28, 2013)  
Well, I'm really happy reading your comments.

As for me, before I go further to state management as an art or science or a combination of both, let's see the words 'SCIENCE' and 'ART'. A science can be referred to as knowledge about the structure and behaviour of the natural and physical world, based on facts that you can prove. This can be done through experiments. Hence, predictions can be made from such experiments. ART on the other hand can be seen as a skillful way of doing things.

Before trying to see management as an art or science, we must first of all consider it's functions which are planning, organising, controlling and leading.

Planning: This have to do with the setting of goals and objectives and how to achieve them. Therefore, it forces managers to decide in advance on what to achieve and how to achieve them (this also involve prediction which is science).

Leading: This involve influencing, inspiring, directing and motivating others to do their best to achieve goals (Art).

Organising: This have to do with the determination of work activities and roles, and grouping them into suitable divisions and departments with clear lines of authority and responsibility (Art).

Control: This is the measurement of corporate performance and the analysis and correction of deviations from the expected results (combination of art and science).

Management as an art deals with the application of skills in the process of getting things done through people and available resources. On the other hand, as a science it deals with making decisions and implementing them based on the gathering of past and present data, analysing them and the correlation of such data in order to predict future occurrence.

To buttress my point, in the modern world, the budgets of various countries and organisations are made through the use of existing data which is one of the duties attached to management. Hence, in budgeting, prediction are made from past and present information which can be attributed to science.

Also, all over the world, we have laboratories that are specially designed to study the behavior, attitudes and the way of life of people in order to suggest the best ways of leading, controlling and relating with them in order to achieve desired goals from them.

Not only that, future productions and sales are also forecasted which are all related to science. Certain decisions are made through the use of statistical tools like the chi-square, regression equations, partial correlation, Mann-Whitney test and so on which are also known all over the world as scientific tools.

Hence from the above, I believe it is clear that management is a two sided coin with both science and art.

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M.Rayamajhi said: (Jul 22, 2013)  
But we can say that management is also a profession because management fulfills the criteria to be a profession such as:

A). Rapid development of business as an occupation.

B). The separation of ownership and management in the organization.

These two factors have contributed a lot to accept and develop management as a distinct profession.

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Purity Cheptoo said: (Jul 11, 2013)  
Hi.

As we understand that management is a task of coordinating other peoples efforts in order to achieve stated objectives then, on my point of view management is both a science and an art because it involves both systematic body of knowledge and the practical body of knowledge which enables the organization to achieve its stated objectives.

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Oleghe Francis Franklin said: (Jun 8, 2013)  
Management is efficiently and effectively mixture of both art and science. Management as science: is the wise application of theories and principles, while art is the active activity of managing.

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Ruth Sadiq said: (Apr 29, 2013)  
It is easy to see that there is both science and art in management. There is knowledge about management and it should be obtained and digested in order to achieve highest competency in management. Likewise there is skillful application of d knowledge of management and excellent accomplishment in this area.

In this era of great technological advances, it is easy to emphasize on d importance of science in management. So I believe that management is an art and also a science.

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Emmanuella said: (Apr 5, 2013)  
Management is like a coin with both sides, it can be regarded as science and at the same time art science because: it deals with collection of data and hypothesis which must be done scientifically and also systematically and on the other hand art because: it requires some basic body of knowledge and it also gives room for creativity.

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Umar Musa said: (Mar 24, 2013)  
Hi, in my own opinion management can be regarded as both science and art both with more emphasis on art. Management requires personal knowledge to bridge available knowledge which science represent. Therefore a successful manager blends experience with science in order to achieve desired result.

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Raghvendra Tiwari said: (Feb 14, 2013)  
Management is art as well as science because it involves the element of arts like the capability of the person and their approach towards the given task. & the tools and function refers to science while to apply those is actually refers as art.

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Krutika Anandjiwala said: (Dec 7, 2012)  
Management is a science of handling the people of different psychology, where you not only have to get the work done by the subordinate bur also respecting each individual having unique capability to perform certain duties in the own way. This gives the management the Art label, since different individual will do the same work in different ways. Then the most suitable process can be applied to achieve the maximum productivity. I see management as managing the resources-not only people but also other resources in the business. Hence it is a beautiful combination of Science as well as an art.

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Sanish Sapkota said: (Nov 26, 2012)  
Management is both art and science. It contains the features of both aspects.

As a science, management contains certain universal truth and principles that are applied in managing people in whole world. It's principle are same wherever in the world, difference is only on it's application. As an art, management requires certain skills in managing people which are personal possessions of managing person. In short, science teaches the 'process' and art teaches to 'apply them'. So, management is a judicious mixture of scientific and artistic approaches.

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Juliana Baidoo said: (Nov 3, 2012)  
Management is an art because management is the process of organizing, directing, planning, controlling and coordinating the activities of man in aim of making profit. So therefore, management is an art.

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Francis said: (Oct 22, 2012)  
Its of great pleasure to share the views well in my perspective management is an art because managers has to design the strategies basing on their personal skills and knowledge that they apply in management though it is strengthened by science through studying, coordinating and understanding the nature of human behaviors within the organization thus leading to efficiency in management making it both arts and science.

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Bhawesh Kumar Jha said: (Oct 19, 2012)  
Management is an art as well as science reasons being.

ART.

1. How a human responds to particular circumstance is an art an intuitive thing.

2. Managers have succeeded well across the globe who have thought out of the box which is clearly an art.

3. Getting things done by others (delegation) is an artistic skill and varies from person to person.

SCIENCE.

1. All firms across the world follow set of predefined theories of management which is in accordance with science.

2. Certain actions have particular outcome whatever the case may be.

3. Management when viewed as a science looks deceiving cos exact results cannot be predicted but actually Predictions cannot be accurate as mgmt. Involves human behavior & response which can vary enormously so it falls under social sciences.

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Hakizimana Josue said: (Oct 1, 2012)  
Conclusion- Management is an Art and Science Both.

From the above study, we conclude that management is an art and science both. According to American Society of Mechanical Engineers. "Management is the art and science of preparing, organizing and directing human efforts to control the forces and utilize the material of nature for the benefit of men. "Thus, it has now been accepted that management is an art as well as science. It has the elements of both arts and science. In the words of Dean Stanley, "Management is a mixture of an art and science - the present ratio is about 80% art and 20% science.

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Jisha Arun said: (Sep 27, 2012)  
Hi friends.

In my opinion management owes both from art and science. Science relates to facts, principles and experiments. Art relates to a platform to express the skills. When both comes together, it becomes management. Bringing the principles & concepts into action is management. Without artistic skills management concepts cannot be communicated in the corporate world and without concepts skills are of no use.

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Anastasia Aboagye said: (Sep 21, 2012)  
In my opinion, management is a science as it follows processes and procedures. Looking at the functions of management;planning, organizing leading and controlling one has to be performed in order to achieve the other.

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Given Sanga said: (Sep 20, 2012)  
According to my view.

Management is an art as well as a science because an art basically involve personal skill and creativity which are expressed through practice and fact. And fact is what we can prove something like science does.

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Hardik said: (Sep 8, 2012)  
Management is a combination of both art and social science. It is a diplomatic question.

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Supriya Ghattad said: (Aug 14, 2012)  
Hi,

In my opinion, Management is an art than saying it as a science. Because, science performs the similar role of 'positive catalyst in a chemical reaction', it just increases the efficiency and rate of management. So basic thing one should have in management is skill of expressing the knowledge, that's nothing but an art.

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Sunny said: (Aug 7, 2012)  
As I say management is an art but not a science. As we all know that art is just a result of literature knowledge of an art and we get to know how much to practice to improve my skill on it from the previous done experiments and doings. Same as in managing an org. By a manager the things are to be done. But whereas, science stands it allows only the facts and as so principals of science cannot be changed. And management is based all about in human behavior.

Hence, we can say that management is an art.

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Neha said: (Feb 15, 2012)  
According to me management is more of arts and less of science.Science is mainly all about creating and inventing new things based on preknown facts.And management is all about taking care of preexisting things.Making other people responsible in team.Judging people based on their skills.Fullfillment of needs of people.Making sure that people are satisfied with their work.Handling existing financial,economical,personal etc problems of individual and company so that it should not effect the growth and development of company.

Rate this: +39 -12


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