Is Management an Art or a Science?

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Nihal said: (Wed, May 25, 2016 09:56:05 AM)    
Hi, friends. My point of view, management has elements of art and it has the characteristics of science also profession.

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Muziza said: (Tue, May 17, 2016 10:05:59 PM)    
Management is art and science both because a manager manages the organization by his own art. To use the scientific method.

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Ajit Singh said: (Mon, May 9, 2016 08:01:59 PM)    
Management is both an art and science in my side. As a science, it seeks to know variables that affect performance and as an art, it uses the function of coordinating to determine the performance of workers.

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Dhivya Selvaraj said: (Mon, May 9, 2016 04:15:39 PM)    
According to me, management is both an art and science. It is an art, because it is a very good skill to be learnt and an important subject to be studied by every individual.

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Mamun Raz said: (Fri, May 6, 2016 12:07:42 AM)    
Hi, every one according to me management is a science because Management is systemized body of knowledge that explains certain general truths or the operation of general laws. It is based on cause and effect relationship based on principle.

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Sabina said: (Mon, Apr 18, 2016 02:03:29 PM)    
Though I don't know much as an economist knows, I thought, Management is both an art and science because it uses certain principles as a science and it requires continuous practise to ensure the based possible results as an art.

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Emmanuel Menza said: (Wed, Apr 6, 2016 08:24:09 PM)    

Management is an art because art is the expression of feeling and emotion, therefore, management needs a person whose manage company and influence by feeling and emotions.

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Dhiru said: (Wed, Mar 2, 2016 09:50:04 AM)    
Art means creative ability and innovativeness of a person so it is an art.

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Grace Danha said: (Sat, Feb 20, 2016 03:43:53 PM)    
Management is an art because it really needs knowledge and skill whereas as a science it really needs an observation and experiments, therefore I regard management as an art.

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Samra said: (Mon, Jan 11, 2016 09:35:39 AM)    
Because management has got two faces like a coin on one side it is an art and on other side it is science. Management has got scientific principles which constitute the elements of science and skills and talent which are attributes of art.

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Ayomide said: (Tue, Jan 5, 2016 11:31:17 AM)    
Management is an art with a blend of science. In management, expression of human creativity are needed which is ART and combine observation and experimentation to describe and explain task, which is SCIENCE.

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Ahmad Rabiu Adam said: (Mon, Dec 21, 2015 08:26:14 PM)    
Hi. Management is both science and art because it uses art on one side, and it simply applies science in other places.

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Sachin W said: (Tue, Dec 8, 2015 01:57:37 PM)    

I feel Management is a good combo of Art and Science; as part of Management one need to deal to Humans and every individual is so unique in him/herself that to manage them one need to be able to have an emotional cord with others and also need to be work within certain boundaries of process and procedures.

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Nikhil Deshmukh said: (Sat, Nov 28, 2015 04:33:54 PM)    
Art is use of knowledge and skill and management is also use of knowledge and study. For example A person may be good at one situation and the same person may not succeed in different condition unless he acquire knowledge and skill for changed situation.

Science is branch of knowledge which states situation and establishes some principle and laws on basis of state of situation. These laws or rules are applicable at all circumstances like law of gravity.

Management is science because some principles in the management are determined on the basis of tests. These principles are applicable universally.

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Benson George said: (Thu, Oct 15, 2015 04:34:46 AM)    
Management is both an art and a science because expert, skill or proficiency, which constitute an art, result from from knowledge and practice which is a product of science.

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Ndacyayisenga Theogene said: (Fri, Oct 9, 2015 11:19:58 PM)    
Hello, I greet you in lord, management is both art and science because management teaches to do I mean art and it teaches to know I mean is science.

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Soumya said: (Wed, Sep 30, 2015 08:17:41 PM)    
My view is management is the bombardment of both art and science. How skilfully we do the work is art and how properly we complete the work is science.

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Nwinanghi Kaanayira said: (Sat, Sep 5, 2015 01:30:43 AM)    
Hi friends.

In my point of view, management is both art and science, because art requires knowledge, skills and creativity. And science uses theories, principles, mathematical modeling and statistical data.

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Gyang Emmanuel Solomon said: (Mon, Aug 17, 2015 02:13:30 PM)    
Well I most said that its both art and science because it deal with utilizing resources and humans/as for art it management and encourage good managing processes like leading, staffing, controlling, coordinating, organizing as well as planning and for science its deals with certain actions which predicted that the organisation or firm most put to update systematic regulation of errors and managing.

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Pranjali Ghagre said: (Tue, Jul 14, 2015 02:10:08 AM)    
I think management is art and science both. How smartly we manage any work is art and the knowledge required to do that work smartly is science.

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Achola Olando Vincent said: (Fri, May 22, 2015 03:10:59 PM)    
In my opinion it is both a science as well as an art. Managing like any other discipline is an art because it has the ability to do things in the light of reality of the situation. Management work efficiently by using organized knowledge about management.

These knowledge constitutes a science. Management as a practice is therefore an art while the organized knowledge underline practice is a science.

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Mozo said: (Mon, May 4, 2015 08:00:08 PM)    
Management is the oldest of arts and the youngest of sciences. This explains the changing nature of management.

As a science,

1. Management is a systematized body of knowledge and its principles have evolved on the basis of observation.

2. The kind of experimentation (as in natural sciences) cannot be accompanied in the area of management since management deals with the human element.

3. In management, it is not possible to define, analyse and measure phenomena by repeating the same conditions over and over again to obtain a proof.

As an Art, management has the following characteristics,

1. Management while performing the activities of getting things done by others is required to apply the knowledge of certain underlying principles which are necessary for every art.

2. Management gets perfection in the art of managing only through continuous practice.

3. Management implies capacity to apply accurately the knowledge to solve the problems, to face the situation and to realize the objectives fully and timely.

The science of management provides certain general principles which can guide the managers in their professional effort. The art of management consists in tackling every situation in an effective manner.

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Komr said: (Fri, Apr 24, 2015 01:29:59 PM)    
Hi everyone!

In my opinion management is both science and art.

Science works on principles and which can be applied universally. As in management we follow the principles like ""one man, one boss" and this is applicable to all the organisations. These principles require observations and experimentation to obtain the certainty in science. Management also require observations and experimentation to get the satisfied work force.

Science establishes cause and effect relationship. Management principles also has a cause and effect relationship. For example good bonding between the employees with their boss at workplace results in good increased productivity and if they do not have good relationship with their boss it will result in bad performance and reduced productivity.

Now coming to management as art.

Every art requires practical knowledge therefore learning of theory is not sufficient. In management also a manager can not deal with difficult situations based on his theory knowledge he must have known how to apply the principles in that situation.

An artist must be creative to get the unique beautiful piece of art. Manager also need that creativity to get the best out of everything and which cam beat the other products in the market. He should always come up with new and creative ideas.

Personal skill is very important for every artist to make them different from others. They have their own way to create things. In management also you should have personal skill to manage the work in your style and make your organisation or business different from others and become the best eventually.

From above points it is clear that management is both the mixture of art and science.

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Lav said: (Thu, Mar 26, 2015 08:43:30 PM)    
Management in an art and a know-how. It consists in doing things in light of a situation.

It is both science and art. Management knowledge, which comprises theories, principles, studies, is a science. Management practice is an art. They improve each other, they're complementary.

Management knowledge can result 'empty' and inexact, because summarizes generally situations studied in the past, giving the task to managers to fill the so many variables.

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Mobin said: (Mon, Feb 9, 2015 02:07:16 PM)    
In my concern management is an art of getting things done through others. So it is both science and art because science have some knowledge of universal practicable and art have have some personal skill. So both characters shows in management.

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Greg said: (Tue, Feb 3, 2015 02:49:06 AM)    
#Justus Muia Your interpretation of science is incorrect. Yes, management applies principles of statistics but it does not use biological methods for data collection. The statistical methods (data collection is part of this) used are tailored to those of social research - more in line with economics or sociology.

The difference between this type of application v.s.a science based statistical application is the emphasis on causality. In social research, establishing causality is extremely difficult as we often do not have the luxury of a well controlled experiment. Even when there is a well controlled experiment, humans act in inconsistent and irrational ways that make some research results difficult to replicate.

To account for these biases and variables, the statistical methods and treatment of data used is very different and often more complex than those used by science. You will see that many scientists formulate causality based on less than 10 sample observations whereas in social science, the number of sample used are often in excess of 1000 (provides more statistical power).

Furthermore, many universities have their department of statistics in the faculty of arts (along with mathematics) as this is a concept that is entirely man made. In many ways, it is like a language that is used to communicate information. Finally about management - this is an entirely man made concept. Managers often apply scientific methods (just like all Arts disciplines) but is studying human behaviour (or a collection of human behaviour -> company) so it is still considered an art.

Nowadays, neuro-scientists are attempting to bring "science" into management by looking into the brain and its neurotransmitters. However, much of the experiments are done in a laboratory setting and cannot be applied to someone in a normal social setting. This is why social science places less emphasis on the molecular level and more on the human level.

As to what differentiates between Science and Arts, it really is the what is being studied? 'Scientific methods' are applied to both disciplines but the specific methods vary because the challenges facing each are very different.

Fun fact: Philosophy is the highest level of academic thinking. Everything evolved from it including 'science' and the scientific methods. This is why regardless of which discipline you pursue, you end up with a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD).

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Justus Muia said: (Fri, Jan 23, 2015 10:11:47 PM)    

It is an art in the sense that he/she requires to handle it with the employees socially and a science because the manager has to apply some science fields like statistics and biology in terms of data collection and the application of knowledge.

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Zara said: (Sun, Jan 18, 2015 09:00:12 PM)    
Management is the art of leading people in order to achieve goals with maximum efficiency. How can dealing with human-beings ever be scientific? The so called social sciences have great difficulty in establishing causal relationships in their field and their predictive power is usually not better than mere chance. To even call them sciences is already a stretch of the concept. If management is a science it falls in the category of the social sciences therefore not very useful due to a serious lack of experimentally derived data coupled with reliable, logically derived explanations.

IMO management is to the economy what generalship is to the army: an art form informed by the technical aspects of the respective activities. How to be successful in both depends more on innate abilities and experience than theoretical study and research.

Today the great majority of managers still adhere to the 'business as warfare' maximum therefore trying to establish as great a share of the market as possible, economics has already proven this is the wrong approach yet the business world keeps persisting in its folly. If management was even remotely scientific surely everyone would see reason and abandon proven defective business strategies?

I don't get the whole 'organised body of knowledge' argument: if this is all that is needed to call something science theology and almost anything that is studied is a science too, regardless of whether it actually explains anything or merely fantasizes about possibilities.

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Kaliful said: (Sun, Dec 28, 2014 12:32:28 PM)    
Management as science relates when making observation of experimental as well as making monitoring evaluation and management as arts when deciding to choose suitable conceptual during decision making.

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Xcez said: (Wed, Dec 3, 2014 04:06:18 PM)    
Management takes a dual process of both art and science, when PLANNING, he/she need some statistical data to enhance him/her project in to the future, procuring data has to do with science.

When COORDINATING his/her work force (employees) , he/she needs that human relation skills, to be able to achieve the planned goals and objectives, and this has to do with art.

Conducting a feasibility study or market research need science technique and the ability to implement and sustained this result, the management needs art techniques.

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Nagaraju said: (Sat, Nov 22, 2014 10:55:57 PM)    
I think management has elements of both art and science. It may not be proper to term it as pure science or pure art. In fact, it is a science as well as an art because science and art are both complementary to each other. As cossa has said, "science requires art, art requires science, each being complementary to each other". It may be concluded that there is no hard and fast line between art and science of management.

The former(science) will have to solve problems and establish principles which might be applied with benefit to the latter(art). The present ratio is about 90% art and 10% science. Though a very great deal of developments are presently increasing that proportion which can properly be called science. I am willing to venture a guess that by the end of another generation the ratio will be 80% art and perhaps 20% science. ".

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Opis said: (Tue, Oct 28, 2014 07:40:16 PM)    

Management is a science as in. All the managerial knowledge and practices are developed through various observations and experiments which are researched and experiment based.

But, it is an art also because management performs non programmed and non routine work using creativity and innovations. And, according to Mary Parker "Management is an art of getting things done through others".

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Naginder Sood said: (Thu, Sep 25, 2014 12:28:02 AM)    
Management is both an art and a science.

It is considered as a science because it has an organized body of knowledge which contains certain universal truth. It is called an art because managing requires certain skills which are personal possessions of managers.

Simply speaking, Science provides the knowledge & art deals with the application of knowledge and skills.

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Shubhangi said: (Tue, Aug 12, 2014 11:38:41 AM)    
Hi all,

I think Management is an art as well as science also because, while doing the work in management field you are both types of thinking or process are used. We are used in emotionally, psychologically it is also art to handle the persons.

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Nisiya Shana Esath said: (Thu, Jul 24, 2014 10:58:01 AM)    
Hai all,

In my opinion, management as both science and art.
Management regarded both science and art. Management is a science with a systematized body knowledge and universal application.
Management is an art it requires specific skill to be applied has the situation demands.
Management is the acquisition of knowledge and its skillful application for attainment of objectives.
Applied knowledge is more powerful and beneficial than simple knowledge.

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Aminur Rahman said: (Tue, May 27, 2014 09:06:25 PM)    
I think management is the combination of science and arts. Management is science, because managers make decision from a observation, statistics etc. On the other hand, management is arts, because it is relying heavily on conceptual, communication, interpersonal, and time management skill.

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Manpei Wangsa said: (Tue, May 27, 2014 02:34:50 PM)    
I should say that we should not ignore either science or art. According to me management is both science and an art. It is a science because it is the systematic body of knowledge and an art because it it involves putting of knowledge into practice.

Management is a soft science which consists of principles and theories proved out by experiments. For instance if every employees and employers work with full hearted then the business will turn out to be successful but in some case science may not work as humans are unpredictable. Science aims to give answers by predicting taking into account the work to be performed.

Management is also an art as it implies putting of knowledge into practice. Art aims to go on.

Continuing with the knowledge provided by science.

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Amit said: (Sat, Apr 26, 2014 07:52:31 PM)    
Management is a combination of Science and art. Modern business management systems relies and depends on information or knowledge which is science and the success of the organisation in this highly competitive and complex nature of business requires handling of business operations with skills and foresight to avoid crisis which is an art.

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Priyanka said: (Sun, Apr 13, 2014 02:24:40 PM)    
Management is both science as well as arts. Science is that is learnt and arts is something which can be practiced. Science is to know and arts is to do. Management a soft science because its principles are not very rigid. Art refers to the skill to put into action a systematized body of knowledge for the achievement of a given task.

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Saima said: (Mon, Apr 7, 2014 12:07:12 AM)    
Hi all,

Really the theme of science is theoretical when art is practical. SO it is important to mix up science with art for management to think and learn about a basic thing before starting it practically.

That's why I appreciate the term-management is both a science as well as an art.

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Komal Sharma said: (Mon, Mar 31, 2014 02:10:54 PM)    
Hi friends,

What I feel management is both art as well as a science. Now how? See. It is a science because just like science is systematised body of knowledge which explains various universal truths in which knowledge is acquired on the basis of complete observations and experiments. Similarly management is also a systematised body of knowledge as it has its own theory and principles which are developed by management experts after years of research.

On other hand, Management is also an art. Now you should first of all know what is an art? Art means applying your existing knowledge skillfully practically in real life. And management is also an art as in the form of best work technique, helps the managers to face every type of situation successfully.

It is, therefore, we say that management is an amalgam of science and an art.

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Surendra Khatri said: (Sun, Mar 30, 2014 12:10:33 PM)    
Management is both science and art. Science because it uses figures, graphs and other statistical methods in order to solve organisational problems. Art because it uses skills, experiences, and attitudes, not hard and fast rules, to solve organisational goals.

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Amit said: (Tue, Mar 25, 2014 02:49:11 PM)    
Management is an amalgam of science and art but this combination cannot be in equal proportion. Management is regarded as an applied science. As an applied scientist, a manager possesses the skill to use his knowledge into practice in the working of an org. Just as a doctor has to translate his knowledge into curing the patients.

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Sukhman said: (Sun, Mar 16, 2014 07:47:58 PM)    
Management is not a fully flourished art instead its a growing one and its not a complete science as different people have different abilities and they cannot be tested in a lab.

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Felix Aniebiet Benjamin said: (Tue, Mar 4, 2014 04:47:28 AM)    
Management is both an act and also science. Management over the centuries has remained an act. Management is an act because it depend on past experience and not on testable technical knowledge as the case may be in physics, chemistry etc.

Management is a science when it uses a systematic or scientific method to obtain a comprehensive information about a problem.

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J.M Kamau said: (Sun, Feb 2, 2014 08:12:06 PM)    
Hello all. My view is that management is applicable in both situations. As an art, the manager can only supervise the employees in different capacity but as a science the manager has to practice the entire management skill by him/herself.

Therefore it fits in both cases. Thank you.

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Sir-Me Kazeeh said: (Sat, Jan 25, 2014 02:58:58 PM)    
HI. Let take it to be both, as an art it provides the manager with the technical knowhow of how to manage ie, he/she applies art part of management to manage smoothly, on the other hand the science part provides the already tested or used techniques which can be of help, hence managers uses the science part to analyse the management skills which can be of good outcome, hence management qualify to be both an art and a science.

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Shalabh Saxena said: (Wed, Jan 15, 2014 10:13:54 PM)    
Management is art and science both because whatever we plan, organize, direct, control over the different situations in the life.

Management tells us that how much efficiency can be achieved by doing a particular act.

It is also provide the capability of taking decision towards the goals of the life as well.

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Maina Fredrick Nawayo said: (Sat, Dec 7, 2013 11:14:55 AM)    
Management is both an art and science in my side. As a science it seeks to know variables that affects performance and as an art it uses function of coordinating to determine performance of workers.

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Melat Terefe said: (Wed, Dec 4, 2013 11:08:41 AM)    
With in my judgment Art & Science are the two sides of the Management coin. Like the actual sense is neither Science nor Art but requires both to be successful, that is it isn't really pure art because it uses scientific method, its more like the Art of Management begins where the Scientific Management stops.

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Deewan Love Kumar said: (Sun, Dec 1, 2013 08:39:17 PM)    
Hi Everybody,

I think,

Management is both an art and a science. It is considered as a science because it has an organized body of knowledge which contains certain universal truth. It is called an art because managing requires certain skills which are personal possessions of managers. Science provides the knowledge & art deals with the application of knowledge and skills.

A manager to be successful in his profession must acquire the knowledge of science & the art of applying it. Therefore management is a well-judged combination of science as well as an art because it proves the principles and the way these principles are applied is a matter of art. Science teaches to 'know' and art teaches to 'do'.

EG. A person cannot become a good singer unless he has knowledge about various ragas & he also applies his personal skill in the art of singing. Same way it is not sufficient for manager to first know the principles but he must also apply them in solving various managerial problems that is why, science and art are not mutually exclusive but they are complementary to each other (like tea and biscuit, bread and butter etc. ). To conclude, we can say that science is the root and art is the fruit.

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Portia Amanor said: (Fri, Nov 22, 2013 02:57:19 PM)    
Hi all,

In my view I would say management is both an art and a science.

Its an art because, one's skill in the management of a firm is been shown in his/her management of the business through the use of planning, controlling, directing and coordinating whiles is a science because its faster and easier since everything is now technologically accessed, one can be said to have a good management.

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Abdul Barr said: (Sat, Nov 2, 2013 02:38:51 AM)    
Hi, in my opinion, the best response to the question is that it is both. Definition of art and science would be helpful in understanding this. Louis A. Allen defines an art as '' a skills exercised in terms the individual personality of the practitioner''. By this we can say that management has certain artistic components.

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Faysal Nuuraani said: (Thu, Oct 24, 2013 11:12:57 AM)    
Hi guys, in my own opinion Management is the process of coordinating all resources through the five major functions (planning, organizing, staffing, directing/leading and controlling to achieve organization goals.

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Gata T. Solomon said: (Tue, Oct 15, 2013 10:59:10 PM)    
Hi every one!

In my own opinion management could be referred to as both art, science and profession. Management can be referred to an art in the sense that many scholars defined management as an art of getting things done through people and other resources. The artistic process is generally seen as having three (3) vital aspects; craft, vision and communication. The process of management qualifies as an form in all instances. Managers must have the tools (craft) to accomplish their task. They must posses vision in order to implement innovative strategies, and they must be able to communicate effectively in their work environment and elsewhere.

On the other hand, science is looked upon as a systematic study that leads to a general body of knowledge about a subject. Management has been the target of systematic study for centuries and that general principles or concepts have been derived from this efforts. This is why many scholars classify management as a developing science.

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Amar Sawant said: (Fri, Aug 23, 2013 11:44:59 PM)    
Guys its right management is both art and science. But the part of art is heavy because even if the person know the principles of management which is scientific part but he do not have the art to deal with such principles he can't manage a business. So art is very important.

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Rajendra Pandey said: (Tue, Aug 20, 2013 09:56:03 PM)    
Hi every one.

I think management is both an art or a science because, its considered as a science because it has an organized body of knowledge which certain universal truth. Its called an art because managing require certain skills which are personal possession of managers.

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Okpohwo Raymond said: (Sun, Jul 28, 2013 07:53:41 PM)    
Well, I'm really happy reading your comments.

As for me, before I go further to state management as an art or science or a combination of both, let's see the words 'SCIENCE' and 'ART'. A science can be referred to as knowledge about the structure and behaviour of the natural and physical world, based on facts that you can prove. This can be done through experiments. Hence, predictions can be made from such experiments. ART on the other hand can be seen as a skillful way of doing things.

Before trying to see management as an art or science, we must first of all consider it's functions which are planning, organising, controlling and leading.

Planning: This have to do with the setting of goals and objectives and how to achieve them. Therefore, it forces managers to decide in advance on what to achieve and how to achieve them (this also involve prediction which is science).

Leading: This involve influencing, inspiring, directing and motivating others to do their best to achieve goals (Art).

Organising: This have to do with the determination of work activities and roles, and grouping them into suitable divisions and departments with clear lines of authority and responsibility (Art).

Control: This is the measurement of corporate performance and the analysis and correction of deviations from the expected results (combination of art and science).

Management as an art deals with the application of skills in the process of getting things done through people and available resources. On the other hand, as a science it deals with making decisions and implementing them based on the gathering of past and present data, analysing them and the correlation of such data in order to predict future occurrence.

To buttress my point, in the modern world, the budgets of various countries and organisations are made through the use of existing data which is one of the duties attached to management. Hence, in budgeting, prediction are made from past and present information which can be attributed to science.

Also, all over the world, we have laboratories that are specially designed to study the behavior, attitudes and the way of life of people in order to suggest the best ways of leading, controlling and relating with them in order to achieve desired goals from them.

Not only that, future productions and sales are also forecasted which are all related to science. Certain decisions are made through the use of statistical tools like the chi-square, regression equations, partial correlation, Mann-Whitney test and so on which are also known all over the world as scientific tools.

Hence from the above, I believe it is clear that management is a two sided coin with both science and art.

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M.Rayamajhi said: (Mon, Jul 22, 2013 08:03:43 AM)    
But we can say that management is also a profession because management fulfills the criteria to be a profession such as:

A). Rapid development of business as an occupation.

B). The separation of ownership and management in the organization.

These two factors have contributed a lot to accept and develop management as a distinct profession.

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Purity Cheptoo said: (Thu, Jul 11, 2013 03:06:45 PM)    

As we understand that management is a task of coordinating other peoples efforts in order to achieve stated objectives then, on my point of view management is both a science and an art because it involves both systematic body of knowledge and the practical body of knowledge which enables the organization to achieve its stated objectives.

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Oleghe Francis Franklin said: (Sat, Jun 8, 2013 02:45:38 PM)    
Management is efficiently and effectively mixture of both art and science. Management as science: is the wise application of theories and principles, while art is the active activity of managing.

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Ruth Sadiq said: (Mon, Apr 29, 2013 09:06:04 AM)    
It is easy to see that there is both science and art in management. There is knowledge about management and it should be obtained and digested in order to achieve highest competency in management. Likewise there is skillful application of d knowledge of management and excellent accomplishment in this area.

In this era of great technological advances, it is easy to emphasize on d importance of science in management. So I believe that management is an art and also a science.

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Emmanuella said: (Fri, Apr 5, 2013 08:37:32 AM)    
Management is like a coin with both sides, it can be regarded as science and at the same time art science because: it deals with collection of data and hypothesis which must be done scientifically and also systematically and on the other hand art because: it requires some basic body of knowledge and it also gives room for creativity.

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Umar Musa said: (Sun, Mar 24, 2013 07:47:25 PM)    
Hi, in my own opinion management can be regarded as both science and art both with more emphasis on art. Management requires personal knowledge to bridge available knowledge which science represent. Therefore a successful manager blends experience with science in order to achieve desired result.

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Raghvendra Tiwari said: (Thu, Feb 14, 2013 11:27:09 PM)    
Management is art as well as science because it involves the element of arts like the capability of the person and their approach towards the given task. & the tools and function refers to science while to apply those is actually refers as art.

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Krutika Anandjiwala said: (Fri, Dec 7, 2012 11:54:14 AM)    
Management is a science of handling the people of different psychology, where you not only have to get the work done by the subordinate bur also respecting each individual having unique capability to perform certain duties in the own way. This gives the management the Art label, since different individual will do the same work in different ways. Then the most suitable process can be applied to achieve the maximum productivity. I see management as managing the resources-not only people but also other resources in the business. Hence it is a beautiful combination of Science as well as an art.

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Sanish Sapkota said: (Mon, Nov 26, 2012 07:56:57 PM)    
Management is both art and science. It contains the features of both aspects.

As a science, management contains certain universal truth and principles that are applied in managing people in whole world. It's principle are same wherever in the world, difference is only on it's application. As an art, management requires certain skills in managing people which are personal possessions of managing person. In short, science teaches the 'process' and art teaches to 'apply them'. So, management is a judicious mixture of scientific and artistic approaches.

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Juliana Baidoo said: (Sat, Nov 3, 2012 11:06:07 PM)    
Management is an art because management is the process of organizing, directing, planning, controlling and coordinating the activities of man in aim of making profit. So therefore, management is an art.

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Francis said: (Mon, Oct 22, 2012 01:38:24 PM)    
Its of great pleasure to share the views well in my perspective management is an art because managers has to design the strategies basing on their personal skills and knowledge that they apply in management though it is strengthened by science through studying, coordinating and understanding the nature of human behaviors within the organization thus leading to efficiency in management making it both arts and science.

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Bhawesh Kumar Jha said: (Fri, Oct 19, 2012 08:54:19 PM)    
Management is an art as well as science reasons being.


1. How a human responds to particular circumstance is an art an intuitive thing.

2. Managers have succeeded well across the globe who have thought out of the box which is clearly an art.

3. Getting things done by others (delegation) is an artistic skill and varies from person to person.


1. All firms across the world follow set of predefined theories of management which is in accordance with science.

2. Certain actions have particular outcome whatever the case may be.

3. Management when viewed as a science looks deceiving cos exact results cannot be predicted but actually Predictions cannot be accurate as mgmt. Involves human behavior & response which can vary enormously so it falls under social sciences.

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Hakizimana Josue said: (Mon, Oct 1, 2012 01:12:20 PM)    
Conclusion- Management is an Art and Science Both.

From the above study, we conclude that management is an art and science both. According to American Society of Mechanical Engineers. "Management is the art and science of preparing, organizing and directing human efforts to control the forces and utilize the material of nature for the benefit of men. "Thus, it has now been accepted that management is an art as well as science. It has the elements of both arts and science. In the words of Dean Stanley, "Management is a mixture of an art and science - the present ratio is about 80% art and 20% science.

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Jisha Arun said: (Thu, Sep 27, 2012 10:53:59 AM)    
Hi friends.

In my opinion management owes both from art and science. Science relates to facts, principles and experiments. Art relates to a platform to express the skills. When both comes together, it becomes management. Bringing the principles & concepts into action is management. Without artistic skills management concepts cannot be communicated in the corporate world and without concepts skills are of no use.

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Anastasia Aboagye said: (Fri, Sep 21, 2012 02:25:36 AM)    
In my opinion, management is a science as it follows processes and procedures. Looking at the functions of management;planning, organizing leading and controlling one has to be performed in order to achieve the other.

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Given Sanga said: (Thu, Sep 20, 2012 05:57:36 PM)    
According to my view.

Management is an art as well as a science because an art basically involve personal skill and creativity which are expressed through practice and fact. And fact is what we can prove something like science does.

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Hardik said: (Sat, Sep 8, 2012 09:40:17 AM)    
Management is a combination of both art and social science. It is a diplomatic question.

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Supriya Ghattad said: (Tue, Aug 14, 2012 08:40:34 AM)    

In my opinion, Management is an art than saying it as a science. Because, science performs the similar role of 'positive catalyst in a chemical reaction', it just increases the efficiency and rate of management. So basic thing one should have in management is skill of expressing the knowledge, that's nothing but an art.

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Sunny said: (Tue, Aug 7, 2012 09:03:51 AM)    
As I say management is an art but not a science. As we all know that art is just a result of literature knowledge of an art and we get to know how much to practice to improve my skill on it from the previous done experiments and doings. Same as in managing an org. By a manager the things are to be done. But whereas, science stands it allows only the facts and as so principals of science cannot be changed. And management is based all about in human behavior.

Hence, we can say that management is an art.

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Neha said: (Wed, Feb 15, 2012 04:17:57 PM)    
According to me management is more of arts and less of science.Science is mainly all about creating and inventing new things based on preknown facts.And management is all about taking care of preexisting things.Making other people responsible in team.Judging people based on their skills.Fullfillment of needs of people.Making sure that people are satisfied with their work.Handling existing financial,economical,personal etc problems of individual and company so that it should not effect the growth and development of company.

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Sunny said: (Sun, Feb 5, 2012 05:50:02 PM)    
Hi to all,

In my view management is both art or science, because without art you can not manage man to do work and without science you can't know about new techniques to improve your work and facilities for workers.

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Evance said: (Mon, Jan 30, 2012 02:45:28 PM)    

Why can't you see management as both science and art? Art involve use of skills and in management the manager must be skillfull to enable him make sound decissions for an organisation. As a science, the manager must be capable to do research on how certain isues are delt with through trial and error method. Therefore, it's both.

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Aniket Butte said: (Mon, Jan 23, 2012 04:05:45 PM)    
Hi All,

I think management is balanced combination of art and science. Management is the art as every one can't manage resources but if we learn in scientific way it will definitely help us improve our management skills.

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Alim Jessore said: (Thu, Jan 5, 2012 12:16:38 AM)    
The management is the combination of science and arts because that arts is a manager but it performs given by science devices and thoughts.

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Parvesh Parmar said: (Thu, Nov 17, 2011 03:15:55 AM)    
Hi friend.

According to my view management is art and science. If we are say it is an art then it is not sufficent. Bec every compny want that mangement in compny remain good from lower level to upper level. But they also want that our organigation is growing up.

Today is very high competition bet the different organigation. So we also need the science for this. Like use the new method for scheduling, remove risk.

So the management part is constant in which and science part is dynamic.

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Ramprasath said: (Mon, Nov 14, 2011 05:11:17 PM)    
We always have a doubt whether it is an art or science. It is the oldest of arts and youngest of science, because it is of dynamic nature.

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Nnadi Obiora said: (Wed, Nov 2, 2011 07:02:47 PM)    
On my own contribution, I believe that Management contribute on both science and art, I would say its more to do with science coz, in everything u ar doing both in management course, their must be scientific.

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Pawan Kumar said: (Mon, Oct 24, 2011 06:29:26 PM)    
According to me, management is both art as well as science. We know that Scince is the organised body of knowledge and possessing of this knowledge is also an art.

Before few decades we used to say that, managers are born not made. But todays technology and some world class institutes have prove that with the help specific training and classes we can made excillent managers.

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Ruby Barnwal said: (Sun, Sep 18, 2011 12:54:02 PM)    

According to me, management is both art and science.

It is because it deals with people as well as resources. Management take input and transforms it into output by using administrative skills as well as their intelligence.

So science and arts are not mutually exclusive but it is complementory with each other that means an art which uses science in it to get better outcomes.

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Charu said: (Sun, Jun 19, 2011 09:25:38 AM)    
Hi friends,

According to me management is both art and science. Because nowadays most of the students who finished their higher secondary in science and proceeding their ug degree in art. So that peoples having the knowledge about both art and science then they can manage any critical situation. And be good manager too.

Rate this:   +15   -14

Jesse Brogan said: (Sun, Jun 5, 2011 03:51:59 PM)    
To all,

As a management engineer (technical support for managers), I do have a very specific view. First, we must separate management (gaining performance through those who are managed) from supervision (maintenance of resources).

Supervision has no result, nothing measurable to gain, and accordingly cannot be managed. By definition, management does have something to gain through the efforts of those who are managed; it has a measurable difference between success and failure.

Science is a gathering and organization of knowledge/observation for the purpose of predicition. Where we are addressing a result, there is definitely a science of performance. Industrial engineering provides the principles and approaches that guide managers to application.

Management, in its application, deals with a gathering of individuals for a productive purpose; and people are only predictive in a statistical sense. In all else, they are individuals and working with them to bring people to a common and interactive purpose is a high art form.

Those who work in the productive environment know the ability to apply the basic principles of industrial engineering, and that they do work to effect. There is a science of management.

Any who work in supervision know the art of management, and use it regularly in dealing with people to bring them to common purpose and productive unity, neither of which can be attained in any final level of perfection. The art is both intimate and reactive.

I say management is an artistic application that has a scientific foundation, even if that foundation has been largely ignored by many who work in management.

Rate this:   +29   -5

Ajay said: (Sun, Jun 5, 2011 11:00:44 AM)    
What I believe is that management is an art because knowing many things doesnt assure using them properly. Till the time we don't have good skills/art, we cant express our views and knowledge (science) to others in a appropiate way. Knowing the art of management helps to use the knowledge properly in the best and suitable way.

Rate this:   +7   -6

Pushpender Singh Negi said: (Fri, Jun 3, 2011 10:31:15 PM)    
After reading every body's view about this topic...
What i think, Management is neither an art nor a science..It is just that if u have got d skills of managing something, u can do it wdout evn having any info abt ART nd Science things.(well Y we talk frm d point of view of managing business only.letz say managing anythng be it household task be it going for adventure and managing dat joiurney from start till end). Inborn skills r always required to withstand anythng.Unless one is equipped wd inborn skills like interpersonal, communicational and persuasive skills, nomatter who ever u r nd where ever u r, No person on this earth can make u gud at managing smthng.

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Shefali said: (Sun, May 15, 2011 01:29:50 PM)    
Greetings to all,

In my opinion i would like to mention a few points..

What do we mean by management in lame terms,,. managing people, managing resources, using them and getting the best out of them and best for them.

So isnt there a science for managing people.. ? human resource development is inst there a science for managing resources ? allocation theory, maximum output minimum input.. is there.

So all in all management is based on various aspects which have their own sciences to study and understand.

It is just a combination of various sciences that needs to handled appropriately. Any field needs the basic inclination to get success but it is based on the science inside a persons head.

Mothers are great managers.. but even they have learned it from someone.. and the science behind things...

So in my view its a conglomeration of various sciences.

Rate this:   +8   -4

Krishna Mohan Sharma said: (Fri, Apr 1, 2011 04:04:32 AM)    
Hi friends,

Management is both an art and science. Almost anyone can learn how to be a manager but the art of it is to become a great manager. Anyone can see the results of a bad manager easy enough but what happens when you have a good manager in circumstances that heavily tax his ability to manage? What happens when the good manager under too much stress for too long has a bad day? The answer may be that he becomes a bad manager. What happens to a great manager when he faces hardships that would crush most managers? He innovates he takes the weaknesses of his situation and tries to make them strengths. In the hardest times is when you find the greatest managers and these managers bring this science to an art form.

Rate this:   +9   -3

Vikram said: (Sat, Jan 29, 2011 03:15:13 PM)    
In my point of view it's an art of utilizing science in it.. the richest and successful entrepreneur in the world don't have any degree in management.A housewife who manages a house also don't have a degree in mngt. but they no the art of management.. science helps to analyze any problem and also facilitate the understanding of the management.. a manager should have scientific approach with an art of application of this science.

Rate this:   +16   -2

Dinesh Kumar said: (Wed, Nov 10, 2010 12:35:08 PM)    
Hi to all,

In my point of view management is an art not the science. Many of person done their business well not learning of science. They done their business successfully till now. So management is an art.

Rate this:   +7   -4

Priti said: (Fri, Oct 1, 2010 01:29:48 PM)    
One more thing which we can notice to prove that management is the art more than science is the great businessmen Bill gates, Dhirubhai Ambani and Tata Birla who handled their business successfully without doing MBA or any other coaching or learning of science.

Rate this:   +18   -1

Priti said: (Fri, Oct 1, 2010 01:09:44 PM)    
Hello everyone. !.

I agree with Tasneem. As we all know management is human being's inborn skill, used by him in his daily work. So by default we can say that management is art but it should be improved by scientific techniques for more accurate solution. Science involved in management is time saving machine as it save our time by giving us good techniques and other's experiences in this field. So science is a necessary requirement of a perfect management system.

My one friend said that it is mixture of art and science but I will say that it is compound of art and science having proportion 3:2 respectively.

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Bky said: (Fri, Sep 17, 2010 01:25:21 PM)    
In my point of view management is largely depends upon art, because there are business existence before management science existence. So to achieve the business goals it is not necessary to knowledge of management science but, with the science you will go in a right way towards your goals relatively faster than having only art.

So having well knowledge of both will lead you very fast towards your targets.

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Tasneem said: (Fri, Sep 17, 2010 11:55:09 AM)    
Hi everyone!.

In my point of view, management is more a science than art. At the same time a bit of art will help a person to be the one among thousand. This is so because in management, it is not that a person, whose view is not questioned, is the best. The best manager is the one who can make people agree with his wise decisions by his communicative and administrative skills.

Without having the basic knowledge about the management, no one can be good manager. Science plays a crucial role in generating a manager. The past experiences and trends recorded in the books give a brief idea about the management techniques. Self intelligence is required to excel in every field. Same is the case with management. It requires an amalgam of art and science.

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Sharukh Khan said: (Wed, Sep 8, 2010 01:00:46 AM)    
Definetly I too support the above, Because only two type people can do management who has very good technical knowledge (base knowledge) or who can fascinate the group by their inter personel skills.

Rate this:   +3   -4

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